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Wednesday, 22 October 2014

Cumbria Bird List

The following list is also available as a Cumbria Bird List spreadsheet.

See below for the status and breeding category definitions.

MUTE SWAN Cygnus olor

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

BEWICK'S SWAN (Tundra Swan) Cygnus columbianus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHOOPER SWAN Cygnus cygnus

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

BEAN GOOSE Anser fabalis

A rare winter visitor.

PINK-FOOTED GOOSE Anser brachyrhynchus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE (Greater White-fronted Goose) Anser albifrons

An uncommon winter visitor.

GREYLAG GOOSE Anser anser

A common feral resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

SNOW GOOSE Anser caerulescens

Escape and possible rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

CANADA GOOSE Branta canadensis

A common feral resident; breeds in small numbers.

BARNACLE GOOSE Branta leucopsis

An abundant winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; breeds ferally in very small numbers.

BRENT GOOSE (Brant Goose) Branta bernicla

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

RED-BREASTED GOOSE Branta ruficollis

Vagrant.

EGYPTIAN GOOSE Alopochen aegyptiacus

Escape and rare feral visitor

RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea

Escape and former vagrant.

SHELDUCK (Common Shelduck) Tadorna tadorna

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderatenumbers.

MANDARIN DUCK Aix galericulata

Escape and scarce feral resident; breeds in very small numbers.

WIGEON (Eurasian Wigeon) Anas penelope

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

AMERICAN WIGEON Anas americana

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

GADWALL Anas strepera

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

TEAL (Eurasian Teal) Anas crecca

A fairly common resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GREEN-WINGED TEAL Anas carolinensis

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos

An abundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PINTAIL (Northern Pintail) Anas acuta

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

GARGANEY Anas querquedula

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant.

BLUE-WINGED TEAL Anas discors

Vagrant.

SHOVELER (Northern Shoveler) Anas clypeata

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

RED-CRESTED POCHARD Netta rufina

Escape and possible rare visitor.

POCHARD (Common Pochard) Aythya ferina

An uncommon resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

RING-NECKED DUCK Athya collaris

Vagrant.

FERRUGINOUS DUCK Aythya nyroca

Vagrant.

TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

SCAUP (Greater Scaup) Aythya marila

A common winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; non-breeders occasionally summer.

LESSER SCAUP Aythya affinis

Vagrant

EIDER (Common Eider) Somateria mollisima

A common resident in the Walney/Foulney area, uncommon elsewhere; breeds in moderate numbers.

KING EIDER Somateria spectabilis

Vagrant.

LONG-TAILED DUCK Clangula hyemalis

An uncommon winter visitor, non-breeders occasionally summer.

COMMON SCOTER Melanitta nigra

An uncommon winter visitor and common passage migrant, scarce inland.

SURF SCOTER Melanitta perspicillata

Vagrant.

VELVET SCOTER Melanitta fusca

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

GOLDENEYE (Common Goldeneye) Bucephala clangula

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasionally summers.

SMEW Mergus albellus

A scarce winter visitor.

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER Mergus serrator

A fairly common resident and common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

GOOSANDER (Common Merganser) Mergus merganser

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RUDDY DUCK Oxyura jamaicensis

An uncommon resident; occasional breeder, declining in numbers.

RED GROUSE (Willow Ptarmigan) Lagopus lagopus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

PTARMIGAN (Rock Ptarmigan) Lagopus muta

A former resident, extinct since late 18th century.

BLACK GROUSE Tetrao tetrix

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

CAPERCAILLIE (Western Capercaillie) Tetrao urogallus

Extinct, recent reintroduction scheme failed.

RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE Alectoris rufa

A fairly common introduced resident; breeds in small numbers.

GREY PARTRIDGE Perdix perdix

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

QUAIL (Common Quail) Coturnix coturnix

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

PHEASANT (Common Pheasant) Phasianus colchicus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

RED-THROATED DIVER (Red-throated Loon) Gavia stellata

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring, scarceinland.

BLACK-THROATED DIVER (Black-throated Loon) Gavia arctica

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

GREAT NORTHERN DIVER (Great Northern Loon) Gavia immer

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

FULMAR (Northern Fulmar) Fulmarus glacialis

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

CORY'S SHEARWATER Calonectris diomedea

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT SHEARWATER Puffinus gravis

A rare passage migrant.

SOOTY SHEARWATER Puffinus griseus

A rare passage migrant.

MANX SHEARWATER Puffinus puffinus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

BALEARIC SHEARWATER Puffinus mauretanicus

A rare passage migrant.

WILSON'S PETREL (Wilson’s Storm Petrel) Oceanites oceanicus

Vagrant.

STORM PETREL (European Storm Petrel) Hydrobates pelagicus

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

LEACH'S PETREL (Leach’s Storm Petrel) Oceanodroma leucorhoa

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn

GANNET (Northern Gannet) Morus bassanus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

CORMORANT (Great Cormorant) Phalacrocorax carbo

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

SHAG (European Shag) Phalacrocorax aristotelis

An uncommon non-breeding visitor.

BITTERN (Eurasian Bittern) Botaurus stellaris

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor; former breeder.

LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus minutus

Vagrant.

NIGHT HERON (Black-crowned Night Heron) Nycticorax nycticorax

Vagrant.

SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralloides

Vagrant.

CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis

Vagrant.

LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

GREAT WHITE EGRET (Great Egret) Ardea alba

A rare passage migrant.

GREY HERON Ardea cinerea

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea

Vagrant.

BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra

Vagrant.

WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia

A rare passage migrant.

GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus

Vagrant.

SPOONBILL (Eurasian Spoonbill) Platalea leucorodia

A scarce passage migrant.

LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

RED-NECKED GREBE Podiceps grisegena

A scarce winter visitor.

SLAVONIAN GREBE (Horned Grebe) Podiceps auritus

An uncommon winter visitor.

BLACK-NECKED GREBE Podiceps nigricollis

A scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; occasional breeder.

HONEY-BUZZARD (European Honey Buzzard) Pernis apivorus

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

BLACK KITE Milvus migrans

Vagrant.

RED KITE Milvus milvus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; reintroduced former breeder.

WHITE-TAILED EAGLE Haliaeetus albicilla

Vagrant; former resident breeder.

MARSH HARRIER (Western Marsh Harrier) Circus aeruginosus

An uncommon passage migrant, former breeder.

HEN HARRIER (Northern Harrier) Circus cyaneus

A scarce resident, uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus

Vagrant.

GOSHAWK (Northern Goshawk) Accipter gentilis

An uncommon resident; breeds in very small numbers.

SPARROWHAWK (Eurasian Sparrowhawk) Accipter nisus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

BUZZARD (Common Buzzard) Buteo buteo

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD Buteo lagopus

A rare winter visitor.

GOLDEN EAGLE Aquila chrysaetos

A rare resident; occasional breeder.

OSPREY Pandion haliaetus

A scarce summer visitor and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

KESTREL (Common Kestrel) Falco tinnunculus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RED-FOOTED FALCON Falco vespertinus

Vagrant.

MERLIN Falco columbarius

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

HOBBY (Eurasian Hobby) Falco subbuteo

A scarce passage migrant.

GYR FALCON (Gyrfalcon) Falco rusticolus

Vagrant.

PEREGRINE (Peregrine Falcon) Falco peregrinus

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

WATER RAIL Rallus aquaticus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

SPOTTED CRAKE Porzana porzana

Vagrant.

LITTLE CRAKE Porzana parva

Vagrant.

BAILLON'S CRAKE Porzana pusilla

Vagrant.

CORNCRAKE (Corn Crake) Crex crex

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

MOORHEN (Common Moorhen) Gallinula chloropus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

COOT (Common Coot) Fulica atra

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

AMERICAN COOT Fulica americana

Vagrant.

CRANE (Common Crane) Grus grus

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT BUSTARD Otis tarda

Vagrant.

OYSTERCATCHER (Eurasian Oystercatcher) Haematopus ostralegus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

AVOCET (Pied Avocet) Recurvirostra avosetta

A scarce passage migrant.

STONE-CURLEW (Eurasian Stone-curlew) Burhinus oedicnemus

Vagrant.

BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus

Vagrant.

CREAM-COLOURED COURSER Cursorius cursor

Vagrant.

COLLARED PRATINCOLE Glareola pratincola

Vagrant.

BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE Glareola nordmanni

Vagrant

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

RINGED PLOVER (Common Ringed Plover) Charadrius hiaticula

A fairly common resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus

Vagrant.

GREATER SAND PLOVER Charadrius leschenaultii

Vagrant.

DOTTEREL (Eurasian Dotterel) Charadrius morinellus

A fairly common passage migrant in spring, scarce in autumn; occasional breeder.

AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis dominica

Vagrant.

PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis fulva

Vagrant.

GOLDEN PLOVER (European Golden Plover) Pluvialis apricaria

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

LAPWING (Northern Lapwing) Vanellus vanellus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

KNOT (Red Knot) Calidris canutus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

SANDERLING Calidris alba

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER Calidris pusilla

Vagrant

LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn.

TEMMINCK'S STINT Calidris temminckii

Vagrant.

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER Calidris fuscicollis

Vagrant.

BAIRD'S SANDPIPER Calidris bairdii

Vagrant.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER Calidris melanotos

A rare passage migrant.

CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea

An uncommon passage migrant, most numerous in autumn.

STILT SANDPIPER Calidris himantopus

Vagrant

PURPLE SANDPIPER Calidris maritima

A fairly common winter visitor, almost exclusively confined to the western coast line of the county.

DUNLIN Calidris alpina schinzii

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

BROAD-BILLED SANDPIPER Limicola falcinellus

Vagrant

BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER Tryngites subruficollis

Vagrant.

RUFF Philomachus pugnax

A fairly common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor.

JACK SNIPE Lymnocryptes minimus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

SNIPE (Common Snipe) Gallinago gallinago

A common but declining resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

GREAT SNIPE Gallinago media

Vagrant.

LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER Limnodromus scolopaceus

Vagrant.

WOODCOCK (Eurasian Woodcock) Scolopax rusticola

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa

A fairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; occasional breeder.

BAR-TAILED GODWIT Limosa lapponica

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

CURLEW (Eurasian Curlew) Numenius arquata

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

TEREK SANDPIPER Xenus cinereus

Vagrant.

COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos

A common summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

SPOTTED SANDPIPER Actitis macularius

Vagrant.

GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus

An uncommon passage migrant and overwintering bird, former breeder.

SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce overwintering bird.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS Tringa melanoleuca

Vagrant

GREENSHANK (Common Greenshank) Tringa nebularia

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in autumn, and uncommon overwintering bird.

LESSER YELLOWLEGS Tringa flavipes

Vagrant.

WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola

A scarce passage migrant.

REDSHANK (Common Redshank) Tringa totanus

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

TURNSTONE (Ruddy Turnstone) Arenaria interpres

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

WILSON'S PHALAROPE Phalaropus tricolor

Vagrant.

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE Phalaropus lobatus

A rare passage migrant.

GREY PHALAROPE (Red Phalarope) Phalaropus fulicarius

A rare autumn passage migrant and storm blown winter visitor.

POMARINE SKUA Stercorarius pomarinus

A fairly common spring migrant to the Solway, scarce elsewhere and on autumn passage, rare in winter.

ARCTIC SKUA (Parasitic Jaeger) Stercorarius parasiticus

A fairly common passage migrant, scarce in winter.

LONG-TAILED SKUA (Long-tailed Jaeger) Stercorarius longicaudus

A scarce passage migrant.

GREAT SKUA Stercorarius skua

An uncommon passage migrant, rare in winter.

IVORY GULL Pagophila eburnea

Vagrant.

SABINE'S GULL Xema sabini

A scarce passage migrant.

KITTIWAKE (Black-legged Kittiwake) Rissa tridactyla

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACK-HEADED GULL Chroicocephalus ridibundus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

LITTLE GULL Hydrocoloeus minutus

An uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor, most numerous in spring.

ROSS'S GULL Rhodostethia rosea

Vagrant

LAUGHING GULL Larus atricilla

Vagrant.

MEDITERRANEAN GULL Larus melanocephalus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor; occasional breeder.

COMMON GULL (Mew Gull) Larus canus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant, occasional breeder.

RING-BILLED GULL Larus delawarensis

Vagrant.

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL Larus fuscus

An abundant summer visitor, common passage migrant and overwintering bird; breeds in very large numbers.

HERRING GULL (European Herring Gull) Larus argentatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus michahellis

A rare autumn passage migrant and winter visitor.

ICELAND GULL Larus glaucoides

A scarce spring passage migrant and winter visitor.

GLAUCOUS GULL Larus hyperboreus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL Larus marinus

A fairly common resident and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

SOOTY TERN Sterna fuscata

Vagrant.

BRIDLED TERN Sterna anaethetus

Vagrant

LITTLE TERN Sternula albifrons

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

CASPIAN TERN Hydroprogne caspia

Vagrant.

WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybrida

Vagrant.

BLACK TERN Chlidonias niger

An uncommon passage migrant; former breeder.

WHITE-WINGED BLACK TERN (White-winged Tern) Chlidonias leucopterus

Vagrant.

SANDWICH TERN Sterna sandvicensis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

COMMON TERN Sterna hirundo

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

ROSEATE TERN Sterna dougallii

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

ARCTIC TERN Sterna paradisaea

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GUILLEMOT (Common Murre) Uria aalge

An abundant summer visitor, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

RAZORBILL Alca torda

A fairly common summer visitor, common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor;breeds in small numbers.

BLACK GUILLEMOT Cepphus grylle

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

LITTLE AUK Alle alle

A scarce winter visitor, usually storm-driven.

PUFFIN (Atlantic Puffin) Fratercula arctica

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

PALLAS'S SANDGROUSE Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Vagrant.

ROCK DOVE/FERAL PIGEON (Common Pigeon) Columba livia

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

STOCK DOVE Columba oenas

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

WOODPIGEON (Common Wood Pigeon) Columba palumbas

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

COLLARED DOVE (Eurasian Collared Dove) Streptopelia decaocto

An abundant resident and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

TURTLE DOVE (European Turtle Dove) Streptopelia turtur

A scarce passage migrant; former breeder.

CUCKOO (Common Cuckoo) Cuculus canorus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BARN OWL Tyto alba

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

SCOPS OWL (Eurasian Scops Owl) Otus scops

Vagrant.

SNOWY OWL Nyctea scandiacus

Vagrant.

LITTLE OWL Athene noctua

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TAWNY OWL Strix aluco

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

LONG-EARED OWL Asio otus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

SHORT-EARED OWL Asio flammeus

An uncommon resident, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

TENGMALM'S OWL Aegolius funereus

Vagrant.

NIGHTJAR (European Nightjar) Caprimulgus europaeus

A scarce summer visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

SWIFT (Common Swift) Apus apus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ALPINE SWIFT Apus melba

Vagrant.

KINGFISHER (Common Kingfisher) Alcedo atthis

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

BEE-EATER (European Bee-eater) Merops apiaster

A rare passage migrant.

ROLLER (European Roller) Coracias garrulus

Vagrant.

HOOPOE (Eurasian Hoopoe) Upupa epops

A rare passage migrant, has overwintered.

WRYNECK (Eurasian Wryneck) Jynx torquilla

A rare passage migrant, former breeder.

GREEN WOODPECKER (European Green Woodpecker) Picus viridis

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopus major

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopus minor

A scarce resident; breeds in very small numbers.

GOLDEN ORIOLE (Eurasian Golden Oriole) Oriolus oriolus

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

RED-BACKED SHRIKE Lanius collurio

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

GREAT GREY SHRIKE Lanius excubitor

A scarce winter visitor.

SOUTHERN GREY SHRIKE Lanius meridionalis

Vagrant.

WOODCHAT SHRIKE Lanius senator

Vagrant.

CHOUGH (Red-billed Chough) Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Vagrant; former breeder.

MAGPIE (Eurasian Magpie) Pica pica

A locally abundant resident; breeds in large numbers, particularly in the south of the county.

JAY (Eurasian Jay) Garrulus glandarius

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

NUTCRACKER (Spotted Nutcracker) Nucifraga caryocatactes

Vagrant.

JACKDAW (Western Jackdaw) Corvus monedula

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

ROOK Corvus frugilegus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

CARRION CROW Corvus corone

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

HOODED CROW Corvus cornix

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

RAVEN (Northern Raven) Corvus corax

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

GOLDCREST Regulus regulus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

FIRECREST (Common Firecrest) Regulus ignicapilla

A scarce passage migrant.

BLUE TIT Cyanistes caeruleus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

GREAT TIT Parus major

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

CRESTED TIT (European Crested Tit) Lophophanes cristatus

Vagrant.

COAL TIT Periparus ater

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

WILLOW TIT Poecile montanus

An uncommon resident, mainly in the north of the county; breeds in small numbers.

MARSH TIT Poecile palustris

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

BEARDED TIT (Bearded Reedling) Panurus biarmicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

WOODLARK Lullula arborea

Vagrant; former breeder.

SKYLARK Alauda arvensis

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

SHORE LARK (Horned Lark) Eremophila alpestris

A rare winter visitor.

SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

SWALLOW (Barn Swallow) Hirundo rustica

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

HOUSE MARTIN (Common House Martin) Delichon urbicum

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RED-RUMPED SWALLOW Cecropis daurica

Vagrant

CETTI’S WARBLER Cettia cetti

Vagrant

LONG-TAILED TIT Aegithalos caudatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

GREENISH WARBLER Phylloscopus trochiloides

Vagrant.

PALLAS'S WARBLER (Pallas’s Leaf Warbler) Phylloscopus proregulus

Vagrant.

YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER Phylloscopus inornatus

A scarce autumn passage migrant, has overwintered.

HUME'S WARBLER (Hume’s Leaf Warbler) Phylloscopus humei

Vagrant

DUSKY WARBLER Phylloscopus fuscatus

Vagrant

WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER Phylloscopus bonelli

Vagrant.

WOOD WARBLER Phylloscopus sibilatrix

A common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

CHIFFCHAFF (Common Chiffchaff) Phylloscopus collybita

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

WILLOW WARBLER Phylloscopus trochilus

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

BLACKCAP (Eurasian Blackcap) Sylvia atricapilla

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, uncommon overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

GARDEN WARBLER Sylvia borin

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

BARRED WARBLER Sylvia nisoria

A rare autumn passage migrant.

LESSER WHITETHROAT Sylvia curruca

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

WHITETHROAT (Common Whitethroat) Sylvia communis

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

DARTFORD WARBLER Sylvia undata

Vagrant

SUBALPINE WARBLER Sylvia cantillans

Vagrant.

GRASSHOPPER WARBLER (Common Grasshopper Warbler) Locustella naevia

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

BOOTED WARBLER Hippolais caligata

Vagrant.

ICTERINE WARBLER Hippolais icterina

Vagrant.

MELODIOUS WARBLER Hippolais polyglotta

Vagrant.

SEDGE WARBLER Acrocephalus schoenabaenus

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

PADDYFIELD WARBLER Acrocephalus agricola

Vagrant.

MARSH WARBLER Acrocephalus palustris

Vagrant.

REED WARBLER (Eurasian Reed Warbler) Acrocephalus scirpaceus

An uncommon summer visitor; breeds in small numbers.

WAXWING (Bohemian Waxwing) Bombycilla garrulus

An irruptive winter visitor.

NUTHATCH (Eurasian Nuthatch) Sitta europaea

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TREECREEPER (Eurasian Treecreeper) Certhia familiaris

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

WREN (Winter Wren) Troglodytes troglodytes

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

STARLING (Common Starling) Sturnus vulgaris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

ROSE-COLOURED STARLING (Rosy Starling) Pastor roseus

A rare passage migrant.

DIPPER (White-throated Dipper) Cinclus cinclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

RING OUZEL Turdus torquatus

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACKBIRD (Common Blackbird) Turdus merula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

FIELDFARE Turdus pilaris

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

SONG THRUSH Turdus philomelos

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

REDWING Turdus iliacus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

MISTLE THRUSH Turdus viscivorus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

AMERICAN ROBIN Turdus migratorius

Vagrant.

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER Muscicapa striata

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ROBIN (European Robin) Erithacus rubecula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

NIGHTINGALE (Common Nightingale) Luscinia megarhynchos

Vagrant.

BLUETHROAT Luscinia svecica

Vagrant.

BLACK REDSTART Phoenicurus ochruros

An uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor.

REDSTART (Common Redstart) Phoenicurus phoenicurus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

WHINCHAT Saxicola rubetra

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

STONECHAT (Eurasian Stonechat) Saxicola torquatus

A fairly common resident and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

ISABELLINE WHEATEAR Oenanthe isabellina

Vagrant.

WHEATEAR (Northern Wheatear) Oenanthe oenanthe

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

DESERT WHEATEAR Oenanthe deserti

Vagrant.

RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER Ficedula parva

A rare passage migrant.

COLLARED FLYCATCHER Ficedula albicollis

Vagrant.

PIED FLYCATCHER (European Pied Flycatcher) Ficedula hypoleuca

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

DUNNOCK Prunella modularis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SPANISH SPARROW Passer hispaniolensis

Vagrant

TREE SPARROW (Eurasian Tree Sparrow) Passer montanus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

YELLOW WAGTAIL Motacilla flava

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GREY WAGTAIL Motacilla cinerea

A common resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PIED WAGTAIL (White Wagtain) Motacilla alba

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RICHARD'S PIPIT Anthus richardi

A rare passage migrant.

TAWNY PIPIT Anthus campestris

Vagrant.

TREE PIPIT Anthus trivialis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

MEADOW PIPIT Anthus pratensis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

ROCK PIPIT (Eurasian Rock Pipit) Anthus petrosus

An uncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

WATER PIPIT Anthus spinoletta

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

CHAFFINCH Fringilla coelebs

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

BRAMBLING Fringilla montifringilla

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

SERIN (European Serin) Serinus serinus

Vagrant

GREENFINCH (European Greenfinch) Carduelis chloris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

GOLDFINCH (European Goldfinch) Carduelis carduelis

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SISKIN (Eurasian Siskin) Carduelis spinus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

LINNET (Common Linnet) Carduelis cannabina

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

TWITE Carduelis flavirostris

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

LESSER REDPOLL Carduelis cabaret

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

MEALY REDPOLL (Common Redpoll) Carduelis flammea

A rare winter visitor.

ARCTIC REDPOLL Carduelis hornemanni

Vagrant

TWO-BARRED CROSSBILL Loxia leucoptera

Vagrant.

COMMON CROSSBILL (Red Crossbill) Loxia curvirostra

An uncommon resident, irruptive passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

PARROT CROSSBILL Loxia pytyopsittacus

Vagrant.

COMMON ROSEFINCH Carpodacus erythrinus

A rare passage migrant; has bred.

BULLFINCH (Eurasian Bullfinch) Pyrrhula pyrrhula

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

HAWFINCH Coccothraustes coccothraustes

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

SNOW BUNTING Plectrophenax nivalis

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

LAPLAND BUNTING (Lapland Longspur) Calcarius lapponicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW Zonotrichia albicollis

Vagrant.

YELLOWHAMMER Emberiza citrinella

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

CIRL BUNTING Emberiza cirlus

Vagrant; former breeder.

ORTOLAN BUNTING Emberiza hortulana

Vagrant.

RUSTIC BUNTING Emberiza rustica

Vagrant

LITTLE BUNTING Emberiza pusilla

Vagrant.

REED BUNTING (Common Reed Bunting) Emberiza schoeniclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

CORN BUNTING Miliaria calandra

Extinct (technically scarce).

STATUS CATEGORIES

Vagrant up to 5 records in the last 20 years

Rare 6-20 records in the last 20 years

Scarce averaging up to 5 records per annum

Uncommon averaging up to 6-50 records per annum

Fairly common averaging up to 51-500 records per annum

Common averaging up to 501-5,000 records per annum

Abundant averaging over 5,000 records per annum

BREEDING CATEGORIES

Former breeder not in the last 20 years

Occasional breeder at least once in the last 20 years

Breeds in very small numbers 1-25 pairs per annum

Breeds in small numbers 26-250 pairs per annum

Breeds in moderate numbers 251-2,500 pairs per annum

Breeds in large numbers 2,501-25,000 pairs per annum

Breeds in very large numbers over 25,000 pairs per annum