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Wednesday, 4 March 2015

Cumbria Bird List

The following list is also available as a Cumbria Bird List spreadsheet.

See below for the status and breeding category definitions.

MUTE SWAN

Cygnus olor

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

BEWICK'S SWAN

Cygnus columbianus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHOOPER SWAN

Cygnus cygnus

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

BEAN GOOSE

Anser fabalis

A rare winter visitor.

PINK-FOOTED GOOSE

Anser brachyrhynchus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

Anser albifrons

An uncommon winter visitor.

GREYLAG GOOSE

Anser anser

A common feral resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

SNOW GOOSE

Anser caerulescens

Escape and possible rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

CANADA GOOSE

Branta canadensis

A common feral resident; breeds in small numbers.

BARNACLE GOOSE

Branta leucopsis

An abundant winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; breeds ferally invery small numbers.

BRENT GOOSE

Branta bernicla

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

RED-BREASTED GOOSE

Branta ruficollis

Vagrant.

EGYPTIAN GOOSE

Alopochen aegyptiacus

Escape and rare feral visitor

RUDDY SHELDUCK

Tadorna ferruginea

Escape and former vagrant.

SHELDUCK

Tadorna tadorna

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

MANDARIN DUCK

Aix galericulata

Escape and scarce feral resident; breeds in very small numbers.

WIGEON

Anas penelope

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

AMERICAN WIGEON

Anas americana

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

GADWALL

Anas strepera

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

TEAL

Anas crecca

A fairly common resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GREEN-WINGED TEAL

Anas carolinensis

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

MALLARD

Anas platyrhynchos

An abundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PINTAIL

Anas acuta

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

GARGANEY

Anas querquedula

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant.

BLUE-WINGED TEAL

Anas discors

Vagrant.

SHOVELER

Anas clypeata

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds invery small numbers.

RED-CRESTED POCHARD

Netta rufina

Escape and possible rare visitor.

POCHARD

Aythya ferina

An uncommon resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

RING-NECKED DUCK

Athya collaris

Vagrant.

FERRUGINOUS DUCK

Aythya nyroca

Vagrant.

TUFTED DUCK

Aythya fuligula

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

SCAUP

Aythya marila

A common winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; non-breeders occasionally summer.

LESSER SCAUP

Aythya affinis

Vagrant

EIDER

Somateria mollisima

A common resident in the Walney/Foulney area, uncommon elsewhere; breeds in moderate numbers.

KING EIDER

Somateria spectabilis

Vagrant.

LONG-TAILED DUCK

Clangula hyemalis

An uncommon winter visitor, non-breeders occasionally summer.

COMMON SCOTER

Melanitta nigra

An uncommon winter visitor and common passage migrant, scarce inland.

SURF SCOTER

Melanitta perspicillata

Vagrant.

VELVET SCOTER

Melanitta fusca

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

GOLDENEYE

Bucephala clangula

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasionally summers.

SMEW

Mergus albellus

An uncommon winter visitor.

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER

Mergus serrator

A fairly common resident and common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

GOOSANDER

Mergus merganser

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RUDDY DUCK

Oxyura jamaicensis

An uncommon resident; occasional breeder, declining in numbers.

RED GROUSE

Lagopus lagopus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

PTARMIGAN

Lagopus muta

A former resident, extinct since late 18th century.

BLACK GROUSE

Tetrao tetrix

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

CAPERCAILLIE

Tetrao urogallus

Extinct, recent reintroduction scheme failed.

RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE

Alectoris rufa

A fairly common introduced resident; breeds in small numbers.

GREY PARTRIDGE

Perdix perdix

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

QUAIL

Coturnix coturnix

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

PHEASANT

Phasianus colchicus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

RED-THROATED DIVER

Gavia stellata

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring, scarce inland.

BLACK-THROATED DIVER

Gavia arctica

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

GREAT NORTHERN DIVER

Gavia immer

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

FULMAR

Fulmarus glacialis

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

CORY'S SHEARWATER

Calonectris diomedea

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT SHEARWATER

Puffinus gravis

A rare passage migrant.

SOOTY SHEARWATER

Puffinus griseus

A rare passage migrant.

MANX SHEARWATER

Puffinus puffinus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

BALEARIC SHEARWATER

Puffinus mauretanicus

A rare passage migrant.

WILSON'S PETREL

Oceanites oceanicus

Vagrant.

STORM PETREL

Hydrobates pelagicus

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

LEACH'S PETREL

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn

GANNET

Morus bassanus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

CORMORANT

Phalacrocorax carbo

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

SHAG

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

An uncommon non-breeding visitor.

BITTERN

Botaurus stellaris

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor; former breeder.

LITTLE BITTERN

Ixobrychus minutus

Vagrant.

NIGHT HERON

Nycticorax nycticorax

Vagrant.

SQUACCO HERON

Ardeola ralloides

Vagrant.

CATTLE EGRET

Bubulcus ibis

Vagrant.

LITTLE EGRET

Egretta garzetta

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

GREAT WHITE EGRET

Ardea alba

A rare passage migrant.

GREY HERON

Ardea cinerea

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

PURPLE HERON

Ardea purpurea

Vagrant.

BLACK STORK

Ciconia nigra

Vagrant.

WHITE STORK

Ciconia ciconia

A rare passage migrant.

GLOSSY IBIS

Plegadis falcinellus

Vagrant.

SPOONBILL

Platalea leucorodia

A scarce passage migrant.

LITTLE GREBE

Tachybaptus ruficollis

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

GREAT CRESTED GREBE

Podiceps cristatus

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

RED-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps grisegena

A scarce winter visitor.

SLAVONIAN GREBE

Podiceps auritus

An uncommon winter visitor.

BLACK-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps nigricollis

A scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; occasional breeder.

HONEY-BUZZARD

Pernis apivorus

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

BLACK KITE

Milvus migrans

Vagrant.

RED KITE

Milvus milvus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; reintroduced former breeder.

WHITE-TAILED EAGLE

Haliaeetus albicilla

Vagrant; former resident breeder.

MARSH HARRIER

Circus aeruginosus

An uncommon passage migrant, former breeder.

HEN HARRIER

Circus cyaneus

A scarce resident, uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

MONTAGU'S HARRIER

Circus pygargus

Vagrant.

GOSHAWK

Accipter gentilis

An uncommon resident; breeds in very small numbers.

SPARROWHAWK

Accipter nisus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

BUZZARD

Buteo buteo

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD

Buteo lagopus

A rare winter visitor.

GOLDEN EAGLE

Aquila chrysaetos

A rare resident; occasional breeder.

OSPREY

Pandion haliaetus

A scarce summer visitor and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

KESTREL

Falco tinnunculus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RED-FOOTED FALCON

Falco vespertinus

Vagrant.

MERLIN

Falco columbarius

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

HOBBY

Falco subbuteo

A scarce passage migrant.

GYR FALCON

Falco rusticolus

Vagrant.

PEREGRINE

Falco peregrinus

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

WATER RAIL

Rallus aquaticus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

SPOTTED CRAKE

Porzana porzana

Vagrant.

LITTLE CRAKE

Porzana parva

Vagrant.

BAILLON'S CRAKE

Porzana pusilla

Vagrant.

CORNCRAKE

Crex crex

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

MOORHEN

Gallinula chloropus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

COOT

Fulica atra

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

AMERICAN COOT

Fulica americana

Vagrant.

CRANE

Grus grus

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT BUSTARD

Otis tarda

Vagrant.

OYSTERCATCHER

Haematopus ostralegus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

AVOCET

Recurvirostra avosetta

A scarce passage migrant.

STONE-CURLEW

Burhinus oedicnemus

Vagrant.

BLACK-WINGED STILT

Himantopus  himantopus

Vagrant

CREAM-COLOURED COURSER

Cursorius cursor

Vagrant.

COLLARED PRATINCOLE

Glareola pratincola

Vagrant.

BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE

Glareola nordmanni

Vagrant

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius dubius

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius hiaticula

A fairly common resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

KENTISH PLOVER

Charadrius alexandrinus

Vagrant.

GREATER SAND PLOVER

Charadrius leschenaultii

Vagrant.

DOTTEREL

Charadrius morinellus

A fairly common passage migrant in spring, scarce in autumn; occasional breeder.

AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis dominica

Vagrant.

PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis fulva

Vagrant.

GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis apricaria

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds inmoderate numbers.

GREY PLOVER

Pluvialis squatarola

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

LAPWING

Vanellus vanellus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

KNOT

Calidris canutus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

SANDERLING

Calidris alba

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER

Calidris pusilla

Vagrant

LITTLE STINT

Calidris minuta

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn.

TEMMINCK'S STINT

Calidris temminckii

Vagrant.

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER

Calidris fuscicollis

Vagrant.

BAIRD'S SANDPIPER

Calidris bairdii

Vagrant.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER

Calidris melanotos

A rare passage migrant.

CURLEW SANDPIPER

Calidris ferruginea

An uncommon passage migrant, most numerous in autumn.

STILT SANDPIPER

Calidris himantopus

Vagrant

PURPLE SANDPIPER

Calidris maritima

A fairly common winter visitor, almost exclusively confined to the western coastlineof the county.

DUNLIN

Calidris alpina

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

BROAD-BILLED SANDPIPER

Limicola falcinellus

Vagrant

BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER

Tryngites subruficollis

Vagrant.

RUFF

Philomachus pugnax

A fairly common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor.

JACK SNIPE

Lymnocryptes minimus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

SNIPE

Gallinago gallinago

A common but declining resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breedsin large numbers.

GREAT SNIPE

Gallinago media

Vagrant.

LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Vagrant.

WOODCOCK

Scolopax rusticola

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa limosa

A fairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; occasional breeder.

BAR-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa lapponica

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHIMBREL

Numenius phaeopus

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

CURLEW

Numenius arquata

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in largenumbers.

TEREK SANDPIPER

Xenus cinereus

Vagrant.

COMMON SANDPIPER

Actitis hypoleucos

A common summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

SPOTTED SANDPIPER

Actitis macularius

Vagrant.

GREEN SANDPIPER

Tringa ochropus

An uncommon passage migrant and overwintering bird, former breeder.

SPOTTED REDSHANK

Tringa erythropus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce overwintering bird.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa melanoleuca

Vagrant

GREENSHANK

Tringa nebularia

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in autumn, and uncommon overwinteringbird.

LESSER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa flavipes

Vagrant.

WOOD SANDPIPER

Tringa glareola

A scarce passage migrant.

REDSHANK

Tringa totanus

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

TURNSTONE

Arenaria interpres

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

WILSON'S PHALAROPE

Phalaropus tricolor

Vagrant.

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE

Phalaropus lobatus

A rare passage migrant.

GREY PHALAROPE

Phalaropus fulicarius

A rare autumn passage migrant and storm blown winter visitor.

POMARINE SKUA

Stercorarius pomarinus

A fairly common spring migrant to the Solway, scarce elsewhere and on autumn passage, rare in winter.

ARCTIC SKUA

Stercorarius parasiticus

A fairly common passage migrant, scarce in winter.

LONG-TAILED SKUA

Stercorarius longicaudus

A scarce passage migrant.

GREAT SKUA

Stercorarius skua

An uncommon passage migrant, rare in winter.

IVORY GULL

Pagophila eburnea

Vagrant.

SABINE'S GULL

Xema sabini

Ascarce passage migrant.

KITTIWAKE

Rissa tridactyla

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACK-HEADED GULL

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

LITTLE GULL

Hydrocoloeus minutus

An uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor, most numerous in spring.

ROSS'S GULL

Rhodostethia rosea

Vagrant

LAUGHING GULL

Larus atricilla

Vagrant.

MEDITERRANEAN GULL

Larus melanocephalus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor; occasional breeder.

COMMON GULL

Larus canus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant, occasional breeder.

RING-BILLED GULL

Larus delawarensis

Vagrant.

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus fuscus

An abundant summer visitor, common passage migrant and overwintering bird; breedsin very large numbers.

HERRING GULL

Larus argentatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL

Larus michahellis

A rare autumn passage migrant and winter visitor.

ICELAND GULL

Larus glaucoides

A scarce spring passage migrant and winter visitor.

GLAUCOUS GULL

Larus hyperboreus

An scarce winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus marinus

A fairly common resident and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

SOOTY TERN

Sterna fuscata

Vagrant.

BRIDLED TERN

Sterna anaethetus

Vagrant

LITTLE TERN

Sternula albifrons

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

CASPIAN TERN

Hydroprogne caspia

Vagrant.

WHISKERED TERN

Chlidonias hybrida

Vagrant.

BLACK TERN

Chlidonias niger

An uncommon passage migrant; former breeder.

WHITE-WINGEDBLACK TERN BLACK

Chlidonias leucopterus

Vagrant.

SANDWICH TERN

Sterna sandvicensis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

COMMON TERN

Sterna hirundo

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

ROSEATE TERN

Sterna dougallii

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

ARCTIC TERN

Sterna paradisaea

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GUILLEMOT

Uria aalge

An abundant summer visitor, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

RAZORBILL

Alca torda

A fairly common summer visitor, common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

BLACK GUILLEMOT

Cepphus grylle

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds invery small numbers.

LITTLE AUK

Alle alle

A scarce winter visitor, usually storm-driven.

PUFFIN

Fratercula arctica

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

PALLAS'S SANDGROUSE

Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Vagrant.

ROCK DOVE/FERAL PIGEON

Columba livia

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

STOCK DOVE

Columba oenas

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

WOODPIGEON

Columba palumbas

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

COLLARED DOVE

Streptopelia Collared

An abundant resident and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

TURTLE DOVE

Streptopelia Turtle

A scarce passage migrant; former breeder.

CUCKOO (Common

Cuculus canorus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BARN OWL

Tyto alba

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

SCOPS OWL

Otus scops

Vagrant.

SNOWY OWL

Nyctea scandiacus

Vagrant.

LITTLE OWL

Athene noctua

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TAWNY OWL

Strix aluco

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

LONG-EARED OWL

Asio otus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

SHORT-EARED OWL

Asio flammeus

An uncommon resident, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds insmall numbers.

TENGMALM'S OWL

Aegolius funereus

Vagrant.

NIGHTJAR

Caprimulgus europaeus

A scarce summer visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

SWIFT

Apus apus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ALPINE SWIFT

Apus melba

Vagrant.

KINGFISHER

Alcedo atthis

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

BEE-EATER

Merops apiaster

A rare passage migrant.

ROLLER

Coracias garrulus

Vagrant.

HOOPOE

Upupa epops

A rare passage migrant, has overwintered.

WRYNECK

Jynx torquilla

A rare passage migrant, former breeder.

GREEN WOODPECKER

Picus viridis

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dendrocopus major

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dendrocopus minor

A scarce resident; breeds in very small numbers.

GOLDEN ORIOLE

Oriolus oriolus

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

RED-BACKED SHRIKE

Lanius collurio

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

GREAT GREY SHRIKE

Lanius excubitor

A scarce winter visitor.

SOUTHERN GREY SHRIKE

Lanius meridionalis

Vagrant.

WOODCHAT SHRIKE

Lanius senator

Vagrant.

CHOUGH

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Vagrant; former breeder.

MAGPIE

Pica pica

A locally abundant resident; breeds in large numbers, particularly in the south of the county.

JAY

Garrulus glandarius

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

NUTCRACKER

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Vagrant.

JACKDAW

Corvus monedula

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

ROOK

Corvus frugilegus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

CARRION CROW

Corvus corone

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

HOODED CROW

Corvus cornix

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

RAVEN

Corvus corax

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

GOLDCREST

Regulus regulus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

FIRECREST

Regulus ignicapilla

A scarce passage migrant.

BLUE TIT

Cyanistes caeruleus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

GREAT TIT

Parus major

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

CRESTED TIT

Lophophanes cristatus

Vagrant.

COAL TIT

Periparus ater

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

WILLOW TIT

Poecile montanus

An uncommon resident, mainly in the north of the county; breeds in small numbers.

MARSH TIT

Poecile palustris

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

BEARDED TIT

Panurus biarmicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

WOODLARK

Lullula arborea

Vagrant; former breeder.

SKYLARK

Alauda arvensis

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

SHORE LARK

Eremophila alpestris

A rare winter visitor.

SAND MARTIN

Riparia riparia

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

SWALLOW (Barn

Hirundo rustica

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

HOUSE MARTIN

Delichon urbicum

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RED-RUMPED SWALLOW

Cecropis daurica

Vagrant

CETTI’S WARBLER

Cettia cetti

Vagrant

LONG-TAILED TIT

Aegithalos caudatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

GREENISH WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochiloides

Vagrant.

PALLAS'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus proregulus

Vagrant.

YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER

Phylloscopus inornatus

A scarce autumn passage migrant, has overwintered.

HUME'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus humei

Vagrant

DUSKY WARBLER

Phylloscopus fuscatus

Vagrant

WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus bonelli

Vagrant.

WOOD WARBLER

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

A common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

CHIFFCHAFF

Phylloscopus collybita

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

WILLOW WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochilus

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

BLACKCAP

Sylvia atricapilla

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, uncommon overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

GARDEN WARBLER

Sylvia borin

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

BARRED WARBLER

Sylvia nisoria

A rare autumn passage migrant.

LESSER WHITETHROAT

Sylvia curruca

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

WHITETHROAT

Sylvia communis

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

DARTFORD WARBLER

Sylvia undata

Vagrant

SUBALPINE WARBLER

Sylvia cantillans

Vagrant.

GRASSHOPPER WARBLER

Locustella naevia

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

BOOTED WARBLER

Hippolais caligata

Vagrant.

ICTERINE WARBLER

Hippolais icterina

Vagrant.

MELODIOUS WARBLER

Hippolais polyglotta

Vagrant.

SEDGE WARBLER

Acrocephalus schoenabaenus

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

PADDYFIELD WARBLER

Acrocephalus agricola

Vagrant.

MARSH WARBLER

Acrocephalus palustris

Vagrant.

REED WARBLER

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

An uncommon summer visitor; breeds in small numbers.

WAXWING (Bohemian

Waxwing) Bombycilla

An irruptive winter visitor.

NUTHATCH

Sitta europaea

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TREECREEPER

Certhia familiaris

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

WREN

Troglodytes troglodytes

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

STARLING

Sturnus vulgaris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

ROSE-COLOURED STARLING

Pastor roseus

A rare passage migrant.

DIPPER

Cinclus cinclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

RING OUZEL

Turdus torquatus

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACKBIRD

Turdus merula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

FIELDFARE

Turdus pilaris

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

SONG THRUSH

Turdus philomelos

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

REDWING

Turdus iliacus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

MISTLE THRUSH

Turdus viscivorus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

AMERICAN ROBIN

Turdus migratorius

Vagrant.

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER

Muscicapa striata

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ROBIN

Erithacus rubecula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

NIGHTINGALE

Luscinia megarhynchos

Vagrant.

BLUETHROAT

Luscinia svecica

Vagrant.

BLACK REDSTART

Phoenicurus ochruros

An uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor.

REDSTART

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

WHINCHAT

Saxicola rubetra

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

STONECHAT

Saxicola torquatus

A fairly common resident and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

ISABELLINE WHEATEAR

Oenanthe isabellina

Vagrant.

WHEATEAR

Oenanthe oenanthe

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

DESERT WHEATEAR

Oenanthe deserti

Vagrant.

RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula parva

A rare passage migrant.

COLLARED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula albicollis

Vagrant.

PIED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula hypoleuca

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

DUNNOCK

Prunella modularis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

HOUSE SPARROW

Passer domesticus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SPANISH SPARROW

Passer hispaniolensis

Vagrant

TREE SPARROW

Passer montanus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

YELLOW WAGTAIL

Motacilla flava

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GREY WAGTAIL

Motacilla cinerea

A common resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PIED WAGTAIL

Motacilla alba

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RICHARD'S PIPIT

Anthus richardi

A rare passage migrant.

TAWNY PIPIT

Anthus campestris

Vagrant.

TREE PIPIT

Anthus trivialis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

MEADOW PIPIT

Anthus pratensis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

ROCK PIPIT

Anthus petrosus

An uncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

WATER PIPIT

Anthus spinoletta

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

CHAFFINCH

Fringilla coelebs

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

BRAMBLING

Fringilla montifringilla

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

SERIN

Serinus serinus

Vagrant

GREENFINCH

Carduelis chloris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

GOLDFINCH

Carduelis carduelis

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SISKIN

Carduelis spinus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

LINNET

Carduelis cannabina

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

TWITE

Carduelis flavirostris

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

LESSER REDPOLL

Carduelis cabaret

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

MEALY REDPOLL

Carduelis flammea

A rare winter visitor.

ARCTIC REDPOLL

Carduelis hornemanni

Vagrant

TWO-BARRED CROSSBILL

Loxia leucoptera

Vagrant.

COMMON CROSSBILL

Loxia curvirostra

An uncommon resident, irruptive passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

PARROT CROSSBILL

Loxia pytyopsittacus

Vagrant.

COMMON ROSEFINCH

Carpodacus erythrinus

A rare passage migrant; has bred.

BULLFINCH

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

HAWFINCH

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

SNOW BUNTING

Plectrophenax nivalis

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

LAPLAND BUNTING

Calcarius lapponicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW

Zonotrichia albicollis

Vagrant.

YELLOWHAMMER

Emberiza citrinella

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

CIRL BUNTING

Emberiza cirlus

Vagrant; former breeder.

ORTOLAN BUNTING

Emberiza hortulana

Vagrant.

RUSTIC BUNTING

Emberiza rustica

Vagrant

LITTLE BUNTING

Emberiza pusilla

Vagrant.

REED BUNTING

Emberiza schoeniclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

CORN BUNTING

Miliaria calandra

Extinct (technically scarce).

STATUS CATEGORIES

Vagrant up to 5 records in the last 20 years

Rare 6-20 records in the last 20 years

Scarce averaging up to 5 records per annum

Uncommon averaging up to 6-50 records per annum

Fairly common averaging up to 51-500 records per annum

Common averaging up to 501-5,000 records per annum

Abundant averaging over 5,000 records per annum

BREEDING CATEGORIES

Former breeder not in the last 20 years

Occasional breeder at least once in the last 20 years

Breeds in very small numbers 1-25 pairs per annum

Breeds in small numbers 26-250 pairs per annum

Breeds in moderate numbers 251-2,500 pairs per annum

Breeds in large numbers 2,501-25,000 pairs per annum

Breeds in very large numbers over 25,000 pairs per annum