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Thursday, 27 November 2014

Guide for Submitting Bird Records

Records are required of all species, not just the rarer ones, particularly where they might help illuminate changes in status and distribution, breeding performance, the timing of migration and movements between different areas. Records that are likely to prove particularly useful include:

  • arrival and departure dates of migrants,
  • first (and last) dates of birds heard singing in your area,
  • first (and last) dates of birds seen nest building, feeding young or with fledged young,
  • new breeding locations or the cessation of previously held ones,
  • comments on increases or decreases of any species in your area,
  • breeding densities and success rates, particularly for the commoner species,
  • counts of congregations of birds, including roosts, flocks and colonies,
  • sightings of birds migrating or involved in hard weather movements,
  • records of rarities and birds scarce in the area,
  • unusual behaviour, abnormal habitat or occurrences at unexpected times of year.

Many observers might be surprised at the value of their records, particularly when seen in a broader context, so, if in any doubt, please submit them.

Please note that the publication of a record on Birdguides does not guarantee its inclusion in the County Natural History Report and that, from now on, no records of species with a status of scarce, rare or vagrant will be accepted for publication unless attributed to a named observer.

Records should be sent as follows:

  • Records of national rarities to the County Recorder as soon as possible after the observation on the CBC Description Form.  All such records will be forwarded to the British Birds Rarities Committee for adjudication.
  • Records of rarities other than national rarities to the appropriate CBC Regional Recorder. These records should be entered on the above form and submitted as soon as possible after the observation. Adjudication of these will be by the CBC Records Panel who may, if necessary, consult outside authorities.
  • All other records, preferably sumitted electronically using the template spreadsheet available from Dave Shackleton, the CBC Archivist, or using the CBC Record Cards available from Regional Recorders or any member of the CBC Council. Please submit these promptly to Regional Recorders in January each year.

A full description is required for all national rarities and for species categorised as “vagrant” or “rare” below - also listed in the most recent issue of the Cumbria Bird Report. Unless a description is received, no record of any such species will be accepted for publication.

Regional Recorders may also ask for a description of:

  • “scarce” or “uncommon” species,
  • commoner species seen significantly out of season (e.g. mid-winter Barn Swallow),
  • commoner species in an unusual habitat (e.g. a Common Eider on an inland water),
  • unusual races (e.g. a Blue-headed Wagtail),
  • fairly common, but potentially confusing species seen outside their normal range in Cumbria (e.g. Willow Tit in the south of the county).

If you think a record falls into one of the above categories, contact the appropriate regional recorder for guidance.

Regional Recorders are more likely to request a description of a bird in any of the above categories if it is seen by just a single observer. The simple rule is “take notes”. Sketches and photographs, even poor ones, can sometimes be very helpful in substantiating the identification. Also bear in mind the possibility of a tape recording to help clinch a claim.

List of Species requiring a full description form

Rare Species

BEAN GOOSE (Taiga Bean Goose) Anser fabalis fabalis
BEAN GOOSE (Tundra Bean Goose) Anser fabalis rossicus
SNOW GOOSE Anser caerulescens
EGYPTIAN GOOSE Alopochen aegyptiacus
AMERICAN WIGEON Anas americana
RED-CRESTED POCHARD Netta rufina
CORY'S SHEARWATER Calonectris diomedea
GREAT SHEARWATER Puffinus gravis
SOOTY SHEARWATER Puffinus griseus
BALEARIC SHEARWATER Puffinus mauretanicus
BITTERN (Eurasian Bittern) Botaurus stellaris
WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia
HONEY-BUZZARD (European Honey Buzzard) Pernis apivorus
RED KITE Milvus milvus
ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD Buteo lagopus
GOLDEN EAGLE Aquila chrysaetos
SPOTTED CRAKE Porzana porzana
CORNCRAKE (Corn Crake) Crex crex
CRANE (Common Crane) Grus grus
AVOCET (Pied Avocet) Recurvirostra avosetta
TEMMINCK'S STINT Calidris temminckii
PECTORAL SANDPIPER Calidris melanotos
RED-NECKED PHALAROPE Phalaropus lobatus
GREY PHALAROPE (Red Phalarope) Phalaropus fulicarius
LONG-TAILED SKUA (Long-tailed Jaeger) Stercorarius longicaudus
SABINE'S GULL Xema sabini
YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus michahellis
ROSEATE TERN Sterna dougallii
HOOPOE (Eurasian Hoopoe) Upupa epops
WRYNECK (Eurasian Wryneck) Jynx torquilla
GOLDEN ORIOLE (Eurasian Golden Oriole) Oriolus oriolus
RED-BACKED SHRIKE Lanius collurio
BEARDED TIT (Bearded Reedling) Panurus biarmicus
SHORE LARK (Horned Lark) Eremophila alpestris
YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER Phylloscopus inornatus
BARRED WARBLER Sylvia nisoria
MELODIOUS WARBLER Hippolais polyglotta
BLUETHROAT Luscinia svecica
RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER Ficedula parva
Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava flava
RICHARD'S PIPIT Anthus novaeseelandiae
WATER PIPIT Anthus spinoletta
MEALY REDPOLL (Common Redpoll) Carduelis flammea
LAPLAND BUNTING (Lapland Longspur) Calcarius lapponicus

Vagrant Species

RED-BREASTED GOOSE Branta ruficollis
RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea
GREEN-WINGED TEAL Anas carolinensis
BLUE-WINGED TEAL Anas discors
RING-NECKED DUCK Athya collaris
FERRUGINOUS DUCK Aythya nyroca
LESSER SCAUP Aythya affinis
KING EIDER Somateria spectabilis
SURF SCOTER Melanitta perspicillata
BULWER'S PETREL Bulweria bulwerii
WILSON'S PETREL (Wilson’s Storm Petrel) Oceanites oceanicus
LITTLE BITTERN Ixobrychus minutus
NIGHT HERON (Black-crowned Night Heron) Nycticorax nycticorax
SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralloides
CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis
GREAT WHITE EGRET (Great Egret) Ardea alba
PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea
BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra
GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus
BLACK KITE Milvus migrans
WHITE-TAILED EAGLE Haliaeetus albicilla
MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus
RED-FOOTED FALCON Falco vespertinus
GYR FALCON (Gyrfalcon) Falco rusticolus
LITTLE CRAKE Porzana parva
BAILLON'S CRAKE Porzana pusilla
AMERICAN COOT Fulica americana
GREAT BUSTARD Otis tarda
STONE-CURLEW (Eurasian Stone-curlew) Burhinus oedicnemus
CREAM COLOURED COURSER Cursorius cursor
COLLARED PRATINCOLE Glareola pratincola
BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE G. nordmanni
KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus
GREATER SAND PLOVER Charadrius leschenaultii
AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis dominica
PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis fulva
SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER Calidris pusilla
WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER Calidris fuscicollis
BAIRD'S SANDPIPER Calidris bairdii
STILT SANDPIPER Calidris himontopus
BROAD-BILLED SANDPIPER Limicola falcinellus
BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER Tryngites subruficollis
GREAT SNIPE Gallinago media
LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER Limnodromus scolopaceus
TEREK SANDPIPER Xenus cinereus
SPOTTED SANDPIPER Actitis macularia
GREATER YELLOWLEGS Tringa melanoleuca
LESSER YELLOWLEGS Tringa flavipes
WILSON'S PHALAROPE Phalaropus tricolor
IVORY GULL Pagophila eburnea
ROSS'S GULL Rhodostethia rosea
LAUGHING GULL Larus atricilla
RING-BILLED GULL Larus delawarensis
SOOTY TERN Sterna fuscata
BRIDLED TERN Sterna anaethetus
CASPIAN TERN Sterna caspia
WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybridus
WHITE-WINGED BLACK TERN (White-winged Tern) Chlidonias leucopterus
PALLAS'S SANDGROUSE Syrrhaptes paradoxus
SCOPS OWL Otus scops
SNOWY OWL Nyctea scandiaca
TENGMALM'S OWL Aegolius funereus
ALPINE SWIFT Apus melba
BEE-EATER (European Bee-eater) Merops apiaster
ROLLER (European Roller) Coracias garrulus
SOUTHERN GREY SHRIKE Lanius meridionalis
WOODCHAT SHRIKE Lanius senator
CHOUGH (Red-billed Chough) Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
NUTCRACKER (Spotted Nutcracker) Nucifraga caryocatactes
CRESTED TIT (European Crested Tit) Parus cristatus
WOODLARK Lullula arborea
RED-RUMPED SWALLOW Hirundo daurica
CETTI’S WARBLER Cettia cetti
GREENISH WARBLER Phylloscopus trochiloides
PALLAS'S WARBLER (Pallas’s Leaf Warbler) Phylloscopus proregulus
HUME'S WARBLER (Hume’s Leaf Warbler) Phylloscopus humei
DUSKY WARBLER Phylloscopus fuscatus
WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER Phylloscopus bonelli
Siberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybitta tristis
DARTFORD WARBLER Sylvia undata
SUBALPINE WARBLER Sylvia cantillans
BOOTED WARBLER Hippolais caligata
ICTERINE WARBLER Hippolais icterina
PADDYFIELD WARBLER Acrocephalus agricola
MARSH WARBLER Acrocephalus palustris
ROSE-COLOURED STARLING (Rosy Starling) Sturnus roseus
AMERICAN ROBIN Turdus migratorius
NIGHTINGALE (Common Nightingale) Luscinia megarhynchos
ISABELLINE WHEATEAR Oenanthe isabellina
DESERT WHEATEAR Oenanthe deserti
COLLARED FLYCATCHER Ficedula albicollis
SPANISH SPARROW Passer hispaniolensis
Sykes' Wagtail Motacilla flava beema
Grey-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava thunbergi
TAWNY PIPIT Anthus campestris
SERIN (European Serin) Serinus serinus
ARCTIC REDPOLL Carduelis hornemanni
TWO-BARRED CROSSBILL Loxia leucoptera
PARROT CROSSBILL Loxia pytyopsittacus
COMMON ROSEFINCH Carpodacus erythrinus
WHITE-THROATED SPARROW Zonotrichia albicollis
CIRL BUNTING Emberiza cirlus
ORTOLAN BUNTING Emberiza hortulana
RUSTIC BUNTING Emberiza rustica
LITTLE BUNTING Emberiza pusilla