Cumbria Bird List

British Bird List Updated June 2020. See below for the status and breeding category definitions.

BLACK GROUSE

Lyrurus tetrix

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers

RED GROUSE

Lagopus lagopus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE

Alectoris rufa

A common introduced resident; breeds in small numbers

GREY PARTRIDGE

Perdix perdix

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

QUAIL

Coturnix coturnix

A scarce summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder

PHEASANT

Phasianus colchicus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

BRENT GOOSE

Branta bernicla

DARK-BELLIED BRENT GOOSE

B.b.bernicla

A fairly common winter visitor in the Walney/Foulney area, scarce elsewhere.

PALE-BELLIED BRENT GOOSE

B.b.hrota

A fairly common winter visitor in the Walney/Foulney area, scarce elsewhere.

BLACK BRANT

B.b.nigricans

Vagrant

RED-BREASTED GOOSE

Branta ruficollis

Vagrant and escape

CANADA GOOSE

Branta canadensis

A common feral resident; breeds in small numbers

BARNACLE GOOSE

Branta leucopsis

An abundant winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; breeds ferally in very small numbers

CACKLING GOOSE

Branta hutchinsii

Vagrant

SNOW GOOSE

Anser caerulescens

Escape and possible rare winter visitor and passage migrant

GREYLAG GOOSE

Anser anser

A common feral resident and occasional winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

TAIGA BEAN GOOSE

Anser fabalis

Vagrant

PINK-FOOTED GOOSE

Anser brachyrhynchus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant

TUNDRA BEAN GOOSE

Anser serrirostris

A rare winter visitor

WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

Anser albifrons

RUSSIAN WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

A.a.albifrons

An uncommon winter visitor

GREENLAND WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

A.a.flavirostris

An uncommon winter visitor

LESSER WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

Anser  erythropus

Vagrant

MUTE SWAN

Cygnus olor

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

BEWICK'S SWAN

Cygnus columbianus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant

WHOOPER SWAN

Cygnus cygnus

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered

EGYPTIAN GOOSE

Alopochen aegyptiaca

Escape and rare feral visitor

SHELDUCK

Tadorna tadorna

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

RUDDY SHELDUCK

Tadorna ferruginea

Escape and former vagrant

MANDARIN DUCK

Aix galericulata

Escape and uncommon feral resident; breeds in very small numbers

GARGANEY

Spatula querquedula

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant

BLUE-WINGED TEAL

Spatula discors

Vagrant

SHOVELER

Spatula clypeata

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

GADWALL

Mareca strepera

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers

WIGEON

Mareca penelope

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

AMERICAN WIGEON

Mareca americana

Vagrant

MALLARD

Anas platyrhynchos

An abundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

PINTAIL

Anas acuta

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder

TEAL

Anas crecca

A fairly common resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

GREEN-WINGED TEAL

Anas carolinensis

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant

RED-CRESTED POCHARD

Netta rufina

Escape and possible vagrant

POCHARD

Aythya ferina

An uncommon resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

FERRUGINOUS DUCK

Aythya nyroca

Vagrant

RING-NECKED DUCK

Aythya collaris

A rare visitor

TUFTED DUCK

Aythya fuligula

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

SCAUP

Aythya marila

A fairly common winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; non-breeders occasionally summer

LESSER SCAUP

Aythya affinis

Vagrant

KING EIDER

Somateria spectabilis

Vagrant

EIDER

Somateria mollissima

A common resident in the Walney/Foulney area, uncommon elsewhere; breeds in moderate numbers

SURF SCOTER

Melanitta perspicillata

Vagrant

VELVET SCOTER

Melanitta fusca

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant

COMMON SCOTER

Melanitta nigra

An uncommon winter visitor and common passage migrant, uncommon inland

LONG-TAILED DUCK

Clangula hyemalis

An uncommon winter visitor, non-breeders occasionally summer

GOLDENEYE

Bucephala clangula

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasionally summers

SMEW

Mergellus albellus

An uncommon winter visitor

GOOSANDER

Mergus merganser

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER

Mergus serrator

A fairly common resident and common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

RUDDY DUCK

Oxyura jamaicensis

A rare resident; occasional breeder, declining in numbers

NIGHTJAR

Caprimulgus europaeus

A scarce summer visitor; breeds in very small numbers

ALPINE SWIFT

Tachymarptis melba

Vagrant.

SWIFT

Apus apus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

GREAT BUSTARD

Otis tarda

Vagrant

CUCKOO

Cuculus canorus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

PALLAS'S SANDGROUSE

Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Vagrant

ROCK DOVE/FERAL PIGEON

Columba livia

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

STOCK DOVE

Columba oenas

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

WOODPIGEON

Columba palumbus

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

TURTLE DOVE

Streptopelia turtur

Vagrant ; former breeder

COLLARED DOVE

Streptopelia decaocto

An abundant resident and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

WATER RAIL

Rallus aquaticus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

CORNCRAKE

Crex crex

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant

LITTLE CRAKE

Porzana parva

Vagrant

BAILLON'S CRAKE

Porzana pusilla

Vagrant.

SPOTTED CRAKE

Porzana porzana

Vagrant

MOORHEN

Gallinula chloropus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers

COOT

Fulica atra

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

AMERICAN COOT

Fulica americana

Vagrant

CRANE

Grus grus

A rare passage migrant

LITTLE GREBE

Tachybaptus ruficollis

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

RED-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps grisegena

A rare winter visitor.

GREAT CRESTED GREBE

Podiceps cristatus

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

SLAVONIAN GREBE

Podiceps auritus

An uncommon winter visitor

BLACK-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps nigricollis

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor; occasional breeder

STONE-CURLEW

Burhinus oedicnemus

Vagrant

OYSTERCATCHER

Haematopus ostralegus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

BLACK-WINGED STILT

Himantopus  himantopus

Vagrant

AVOCET

Recurvirostra avosetta

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

LAPWING

Vanellus vanellus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis apricaria

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis fulva

Vagrant

AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis dominica

Rare visitor

GREY PLOVER

Pluvialis squatarola

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant

RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius hiaticula

A fairly common resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius dubius

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

KENTISH PLOVER

Charadrius alexandrinus

Vagrant

GREATER SAND PLOVER

Charadrius leschenaultii

Vagrant

DOTTEREL

Charadrius morinellus

An uncommon passage migrant in spring, scarce in autumn; occasional breeder

WHIMBREL

Numenius phaeopus

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in spring

HUDSONIAN WHIMBREL

Numenius hudsonicus

Vagrant

CURLEW

Numenius arquata

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in declining numbers

BAR-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa lapponica

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa limosa

A fairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; occasional breeder

TURNSTONE

Arenaria interpres

A common winter visitor and passage migrant

KNOT

Calidris canutus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant

RUFF

Calidris pugnax

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor.

BROAD-BILLED SANDPIPER

Calidris falcinellus

Vagrant

STILT SANDPIPER

Calidris himantopus

Vagrant

CURLEW SANDPIPER

Calidris ferruginea

An uncommon passage migrant, most numerous in autumn

TEMMINCK'S STINT

Calidris temminckii

Vagrant

SANDERLING

Calidris alba

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring

DUNLIN

Calidris alpina

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

PURPLE SANDPIPER

Calidris maritima

A fairly common winter visitor, almost exclusively confined to the western coastline of the county

BAIRD'S SANDPIPER

Calidris bairdii

Vagrant.

LITTLE STINT

Calidris minuta

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor, occurs mainly in autumn

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER

Calidris fuscicollis

Vagrant

BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER

Calidris subruficollis

A rare passage migrant

PECTORAL SANDPIPER

Calidris melanotos

A rare passage migrant

SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER

Calidris pusilla

Vagrant

LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Rare visitor

WOODCOCK

Scolopax rusticola

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

JACK SNIPE

Lymnocryptes minimus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant

GREAT SNIPE

Gallinago media

Vagrant

SNIPE

Gallinago gallinago

A common but declining resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

TEREK SANDPIPER

Xenus cinereus

Vagrant

WILSON'S PHALAROPE

Phalaropus tricolor

Vagrant

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE

Phalaropus lobatus

Vagrant

GREY PHALAROPE

Phalaropus fulicarius

A rare autumn passage migrant and storm blown winter visitor

COMMON SANDPIPER

Actitis hypoleucos

A common summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers

SPOTTED SANDPIPER

Actitis macularius

Vagrant

GREEN SANDPIPER

Tringa ochropus

An uncommon passage migrant and overwintering bird, former breeder

LESSER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa flavipes

Vagrant

REDSHANK

Tringa totanus

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

WOOD SANDPIPER

Tringa glareola

A scarce passage migrant

SPOTTED REDSHANK

Tringa erythropus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce overwintering bird

GREENSHANK

Tringa nebularia

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in autumn, and uncommon overwintering bird

GREATER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa melanoleuca

Vagrant

CREAM-COLOURED COURSER

Cursorius cursor

Vagrant

COLLARED PRATINCOLE

Glareola pratincola

Vagrant

BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE

Glareola nordmanni

Vagrant

KITTIWAKE

Rissa tridactyla

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

IVORY GULL

Pagophila eburnea

Vagrant

SABINE'S GULL

Xema sabini

A rare passage migrant

BLACK-HEADED GULL

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

LITTLE GULL

Hydrocoloeus minutus

An  uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor, most numerous in spring

ROSS'S GULL

Rhodostethia rosea

Vagrant

LAUGHING GULL

Leucophaeus atricilla

Vagrant

MEDITERRANEAN GULL

Ichthyaetus melanocephalus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor; occasional breeder

COMMON GULL

Larus canus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant, occasional breeder

RING-BILLED GULL

Larus delawarensis

Vagrant

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus marinus

A fairly common resident and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

GLAUCOUS GULL

Larus hyperboreus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered

ICELAND GULL

Larus glaucoides

A scarce spring passage migrant and winter visitor

HERRING GULL

Larus argentatus

An abundant resident; breeds in declining numbers

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL

Larus michahellis

A rare autumn passage migrant and winter visitor

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus fuscus

An abundant summer visitor, common passage migrant and overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers

CASPIAN TERN

Hydroprogne caspia

Vagrant

SANDWICH TERN

Thalasseus sandvicensis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

LITTLE TERN

Sternula albifrons

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

BRIDLED TERN

Onychoprion anaethetus

Vagrant

SOOTY TERN

Onychoprion fuscatus

Vagrant

ROSEATE TERN

Sterna dougallii

A rare passage migrant; former breeder

COMMON TERN

Sterna hirundo

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

ARCTIC TERN

Sterna paradisaea

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

WHISKERED TERN

Chlidonias hybrida

Vagrant

WHITE-WINGED BLACK TERN

Chlidonias leucopterus

Vagrant

BLACK TERN

Chlidonias niger

An uncommon passage migrant; former breeder

GREAT SKUA

Stercorarius skua

An uncommon passage migrant, rare in winter

POMARINE SKUA

Stercorarius pomarinus

A fairly common spring migrant to the Solway, scarce elsewhere and on autumn passage, rare in winter

ARCTIC SKUA

Stercorarius parasiticus

A fairly common passage migrant, scarce in winter

LONG-TAILED SKUA

Stercorarius longicaudus

A rare passage migrant

LITTLE AUK

Alle alle

A rare winter visitor, usually storm-driven

GUILLEMOT

Uria aalge

An abundant summer visitor, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

RAZORBILL

Alca torda

A fairly common summer visitor, common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

BLACK GUILLEMOT

Cepphus grylle

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers

PUFFIN

Fratercula arctica

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers

RED-THROATED DIVER

Gavia stellata

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring, rare inland

BLACK-THROATED DIVER

Gavia arctica

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant

GREAT NORTHERN DIVER

Gavia immer

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland

WHITE-BILLED DIVER

Gavia adamsii

Vagrant

WILSON'S PETREL

Oceanites oceanicus

Vagrant

STORM PETREL

Hydrobates pelagicus

An uncommon offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

LEACH'S PETREL

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn

FULMAR

Fulmarus glacialis

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

CORY'S SHEARWATER

Calonectris borealis

Vagrant

SOOTY SHEARWATER

Ardenna grisea

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT SHEARWATER

Ardenna gravis

Vagrant

MANX SHEARWATER

Puffinus puffinus

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

BALEARIC SHEARWATER

Puffinus mauretanicus

Vagrant

BLACK STORK

Ciconia nigra

Vagrant

WHITE STORK

Ciconia ciconia

A rare passage migrant

GANNET

Morus bassanus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

SHAG

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

An uncommon non-breeding visitor

CORMORANT

Phalacrocorax carbo

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

GLOSSY IBIS

Plegadis falcinellus

A rare passage migrant

SPOONBILL

Platalea leucorodia

A scarce passage migrant

BITTERN

Botaurus stellaris

A scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; former breeder

LITTLE BITTERN

Ixobrychus minutus

Vagrant

NIGHT HERON

Nycticorax nycticorax

Vagrant

SQUACCO HERON

Ardeola ralloides

Vagrant

CATTLE EGRET

Bubulcus ibis

A rare visitor

GREY HERON

Ardea cinerea

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers

PURPLE HERON

Ardea purpurea

Vagrant

GREAT WHITE EGRET

Ardea alba

A scarce passage migrant

LITTLE EGRET

Egretta garzetta

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

OSPREY

Pandion haliaetus

An uncommon summer visitor and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

HONEY-BUZZARD

Pernis apivorus

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

SPOTTED EAGLE

Clanga clanga

Vagrant

GOLDEN EAGLE

Aquila chrysaetos

A rare resident; former breeder

SPARROWHAWK

Accipter nisus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

GOSHAWK

Accipter gentilis

An uncommon resident; breeds in very small numbers

MARSH HARRIER

Circus aeruginosus

An uncommon passage migrant, occasional  breeder

HEN HARRIER

Circus cyaneus

An uncommon resident, uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers

PALLID HARRIER

Circus macrourus

Vagrant

MONTAGU'S HARRIER

Circus pygargus

Vagrant

RED KITE

Milvus milvus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; reintroduced former breeder

BLACK KITE

Milvus migrans

Vagrant

WHITE-TAILED EAGLE

Haliaeetus albicilla

Vagrant; former resident breeder

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD

Buteo lagopus

A rare winter visitor

BUZZARD

Buteo buteo

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

BARN OWL

Tyto alba

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers

SCOPS OWL

Otus scops

Vagrant

SNOWY OWL

Bubo scandiacus

Vagrant

TAWNY OWL

Strix aluco

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

LITTLE OWL

Athene noctua

An uncommon resident; breeds in moderate numbers

TENGMALM'S OWL

Aegolius funereus

Vagrant

LONG-EARED OWL

Asio otus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers

SHORT-EARED OWL

Asio flammeus

An uncommon resident, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

HOOPOE

Upupa epops

A rare passage migrant, has overwintered

ROLLER

Coracias garrulus

Vagrant

KINGFISHER

Alcedo atthis

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers

BEE-EATER

Merops apiaster

A rare passage migrant; has bred

WRYNECK

Jynx torquilla

Vagrant ; former breeder

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dryobates minor

A rare resident; breeds in very small numbers

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dendrocopus major

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

GREEN WOODPECKER

Picus viridis

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

KESTREL

Falco tinnunculus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

RED-FOOTED FALCON

Falco vespertinus

Vagrant

MERLIN

Falco columbarius

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

HOBBY

Falco subbuteo

An uncommon passage migrant

GYR FALCON

Falco rusticolus

Vagrant

PEREGRINE

Falco peregrinus

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers

RING-NECKED PARAKEET

Psittacula krameri

Scarce resident, escape

RED-BACKED SHRIKE

Lanius collurio

Vagrant; former breeder

DAURIAN SHRIKE

Lanius isabellinus

Vagrant

GREAT GREY SHRIKE

Lanius excubitor

A scarce winter visitor

STEPPE GREY SHRIKE

Lanius excubitor pallidirostris

Vagrant

WOODCHAT SHRIKE

Lanius senator

Vagrant

RED-EYED VIREO

Vireo olivaceus

Vagrant

GOLDEN ORIOLE

Oriolus oriolus

A rare passage migrant; former breeder

JAY

Garrulus glandarius

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

MAGPIE

Pica pica

A locally abundant resident; breeds in large numbers, particularly in the south of the county

NUTCRACKER

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Vagrant

CHOUGH

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

A rare visitor; former breeder

JACKDAW

Coloeus monedula

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

ROOK

Corvus frugilegus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

CARRION CROW

Corvus corone

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

HOODED CROW

Corvus cornix

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder

RAVEN

Corvus corax

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers

WAXWING 

Bombycilla garrulus

An irruptive winter visitor

COAL TIT

Periparus ater

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers

CRESTED TIT

Lophophanes cristatus

Vagrant

MARSH TIT

Poecile palustris

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

WILLOW TIT

Poecile montanus

An uncommon resident, mainly in the north of the county; breeds in very small numbers

BLUE TIT

Cyanistes caeruleus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

GREAT TIT

Parus major

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

BEARDED TIT

Panurus biarmicus

Vagrant

WOODLARK

Lullula arborea

Vagrant; former breeder

SKYLARK

Alauda arvensis

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

SHORE LARK

Eremophila alpestris

Vagrant

SAND MARTIN

Riparia riparia

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

SWALLOW (Barn

Hirundo rustica

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

HOUSE MARTIN

Delichon urbicum

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

RED-RUMPED SWALLOW

Cecropis daurica

Vagrant

CETTI’S WARBLER

Cettia cetti

Vagrant

LONG-TAILED TIT

Aegithalos caudatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers

WOOD WARBLER

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus bonelli

Vagrant

HUME'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus humei

Vagrant

YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER

Phylloscopus inornatus

A scarce autumn passage migrant, has overwintered

PALLAS'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus proregulus

Vagrant

DUSKY WARBLER

Phylloscopus fuscatus

Vagrant

WILLOW WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochilus

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

CHIFFCHAFF

Phylloscopus collybita

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers

SIBERIAN CHIFFCHAFF

P.c.tristis

Vagrant

GREENISH WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochiloides

Vagrant

SEDGE WARBLER

Acrocephalus schoenabaenus

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers

PADDYFIELD WARBLER

Acrocephalus agricola

Vagrant

BLYTH’S REED WARBLER

Acrocephalus dumetorum

Vagrant

REED WARBLER

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

An uncommon summer visitor; breeds in small numbers

MARSH WARBLER

Acrocephalus palustris

Vagrant

BOOTED WARBLER

Iduna caligata

Vagrant

MELODIOUS WARBLER

Hippolais polyglotta

Vagrant

ICTERINE WARBLER

Hippolais icterina

Vagrant

GRASSHOPPER WARBLER

Locustella naevia

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

BLACKCAP

Sylvia atricapilla

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, uncommon overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers

GARDEN WARBLER

Sylvia borin

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

BARRED WARBLER

Sylvia nisoria

Vagrant

LESSER WHITETHROAT

Sylvia curruca

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers

WHITETHROAT

Sylvia communis

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

DARTFORD WARBLER

Sylvia undata

Vagrant

SUBALPINE WARBLER

Sylvia cantillans

Vagrant

FIRECREST

Regulus ignicapilla

A scarce passage and winter visitor

GOLDCREST

Regulus regulus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

WREN

Troglodytes troglodytes

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

NUTHATCH

Sitta europaea

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

TREECREEPER

Certhia familiaris

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

ROSE-COLOURED STARLING

Pastor roseus

A rare passage migrant

STARLING

Sturnus vulgaris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

RING OUZEL

Turdus torquatus

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

BLACKBIRD

Turdus merula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

FIELDFARE

Turdus pilaris

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder

REDWING

Turdus iliacus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant

SONG THRUSH

Turdus philomelos

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

MISTLE THRUSH

Turdus viscivorus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER

Muscicapa striata

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

ROBIN

Erithacus rubecula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

BLUETHROAT

Luscinia svecica

Rare migrant

NIGHTINGALE

Luscinia megarhynchos

Vagrant

PIED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula hypoleuca

A common summer visitor; breeds in large number

COLLARED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula albicollis

Vagrant

RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula parva

Vagrant

BLACK REDSTART

Phoenicurus ochruros

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor

REDSTART

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

WHINCHAT

Saxicola rubetra

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

STONECHAT

Saxicola rubicola

A fairly common resident summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers

WHEATEAR

Oenanthe oenanthe

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

ISABELLINE WHEATEAR

Oenanthe isabellina

Vagrant

DESERT WHEATEAR

Oenanthe deserti

Vagrant

DIPPER

Cinclus cinclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

HOUSE SPARROW

Passer domesticus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

SPANISH SPARROW

Passer hispaniolensis

Vagrant

TREE SPARROW

Passer montanus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers

DUNNOCK

Prunella modularis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

YELLOW WAGTAIL

Motacilla flava flavissima

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

BLUE-HEADED WAGTAIL

M.f.flava

Vagrant

CITRINE WAGTAIL

Motacilla citreola

Vagrant

GREY WAGTAIL

Motacilla cinerea

A common resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

PIED WAGTAIL

Motacilla alba yarrellii

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

WHITE WAGTAIL

M.a.alba

A fairly common passage migrant

RICHARD'S PIPIT

Anthus richardi

Vagrant

TAWNY PIPIT

Anthus campestris

Vagrant

MEADOW PIPIT

Anthus pratensis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

TREE PIPIT

Anthus trivialis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

WATER PIPIT

Anthus spinoletta

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant

ROCK PIPIT

Anthus petrosus

An uncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

CHAFFINCH

Fringilla coelebs

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

BRAMBLING

Fringilla montifringilla

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder

HAWFINCH

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers

BULLFINCH

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

COMMON ROSEFINCH

Carpodacus erythrina

Vagrant; has bred

GREENFINCH

Chloris chloris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

TWITE

Linaria flavirostris

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers

LINNET

Linaria cannabina

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

COMMON REDPOLL

Acanthis flammea

Vagrant

LESSER REDPOLL

Acanthis cabaret

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers

ARCTIC REDPOLL

Acanthis hornemanni

Vagrant

PARROT CROSSBILL

Loxia pytyopsittacus

Vagrant

CROSSBILL

Loxia curvirostra

An uncommon resident, irruptive passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers

TWO-BARRED CROSSBILL

Loxia leucoptera

Vagrant

GOLDFINCH

Carduelis carduelis

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers

SERIN

Serinus serinus

Vagrant

SISKIN

Spinus spinus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers

LAPLAND BUNTING

Calcarius lapponicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor

SNOW BUNTING

Plectrophenax nivalis

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor

CORN BUNTING

Emberiza calandra

Vagrant; former breeder

YELLOWHAMMER

Emberiza citrinella

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers

ORTOLAN BUNTING

Emberiza hortulana

Rare migrant

CIRL BUNTING

Emberiza cirlus

Vagrant; former breeder

LITTLE BUNTING

Emberiza pusilla

Vagrant

RUSTIC BUNTING

Emberiza rustica

Vagrant

REED BUNTING

Emberiza schoeniclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW

Zonotrichia albicollis

Vagrant

STATUS CATEGORIES

Vagrant : up to 2 records in the last 10 years

Rare : 3-10 records in the last 10 years

Scarce : averaging up to 5 records per annum in the last 10 years

Uncommon : averaging up to 6-50 records per annum in the last 10 years

Fairly common : averaging up to 51-500 records per annum in the last 10 years

Common : averaging up to 501-5,000 records per annum in the last 10 years

Abundant : averaging over 5,000 records per annum in the last 10 years

BREEDING CATEGORIES

Former breeder : not in the last 10 years

Occasional breeder : at least once in the last 10 years

Breeds in very small numbers : 1-25 pairs per annum

Breeds in small numbers : 26-250 pairs per annum

Breeds in moderate numbers : 251-2,500 pairs per annum

Breeds in large numbers : 2,501-25,000 pairs per annum

Breeds in very large numbers : over 25,000 pairs per annum