Cumbria Bird List

British Bird List See below for the status and breeding category definitions.

BRENT GOOSE

Branta bernicla

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

RED-BREASTED GOOSE

Branta ruficollis

Vagrant.

CANADA GOOSE

Branta canadensis

A common feral resident; breeds in small numbers.

BARNACLE GOOSE

Branta leucopsis

An abundant winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; breeds ferally invery small numbers.

SNOW GOOSE

Anser caerulescens

Escape and possible rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

GREYLAG GOOSE

Anser anser

A common feral resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

TAIGA BEAN GOOSE

Anser fabalis

A rare winter visitor.

PINK-FOOTED GOOSE

Anser brachyrhynchus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

TUNDRA BEAN GOOSE

Anser serrirostris rossicus

A rare winter visitor.

WHITE-FRONTED GOOSE

Anser albifrons

An uncommon winter visitor.

MUTE SWAN

Cygnus olor

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

BEWICK'S SWAN

Cygnus columbianus

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant.

WHOOPER SWAN

Cygnus cygnus

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

EGYPTIAN GOOSE

Alopochen aegyptiacus

Escape and rare feral visitor

SHELDUCK

Tadorna tadorna

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

RUDDY SHELDUCK

Tadorna ferruginea

Escape and former vagrant.

MANDARIN DUCK

Aix galericulata

Escape and scarce feral resident; breeds in very small numbers.

GARGANEY

Spatula querquedula

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant.

BLUE-WINGED TEAL

Spatula discors

Vagrant.

SHOVELER

Spatula clypeata

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

GADWALL

Mareca strepera

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

WIGEON

Mareca penelope

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

AMERICAN WIGEON

Mareca americana

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

MALLARD

Anas platyrhynchos

An abundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PINTAIL

Anas acuta

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

TEAL

Anas crecca

A fairly common resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

GREEN-WINGED TEAL

Anas carolinensis

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

RED-CRESTED POCHARD

Netta rufina

Escape and possible vagrant.

POCHARD

Aythya ferina

An uncommon resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

FERRUGINOUS DUCK

Aythya nyroca

Vagrant.

RING-NECKED DUCK

Athya collaris

Vagrant.

TUFTED DUCK

Aythya fuligula

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

SCAUP

Aythya marila

A common winter visitor to the Solway, uncommon elsewhere; non-breeders occasionally summer.

LESSER SCAUP

Aythya affinis

Vagrant.

KING EIDER

Somateria spectabilis

Vagrant.

EIDER

Somateria mollisima

A common resident in the Walney/Foulney area, uncommon elsewhere; breeds in moderate numbers.

SURF SCOTER

Melanitta perspicillata

Vagrant.

VELVET SCOTER

Melanitta fusca

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

COMMON SCOTER

Melanitta nigra

An uncommon winter visitor and common passage migrant, scarce inland.

LONG-TAILED DUCK

Clangula hyemalis

An uncommon winter visitor, non-breeders occasionally summer.

GOLDENEYE

Bucephala clangula

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasionally summers.

SMEW

Mergus albellus

An uncommon winter visitor.

GOOSANDER

Mergus merganser

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RED-BREASTED MERGANSER

Mergus serrator

A fairly common resident and common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

RUDDY DUCK

Oxyura jamaicensis

A scarce resident; occasional breeder, declining in numbers.

CAPERCAILLIE

Tetrao urogallus

Extinct, recent reintroduction scheme failed.

BLACK GROUSE

Lyrurus tetrix

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

PTARMIGAN

Lagopus muta

A former resident, extinct since late 18th century.

RED GROUSE

Lagopus lagopus scoticus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE

Alectoris rufa

A fairly common introduced resident; breeds in small numbers.

GREY PARTRIDGE

Perdix perdix

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

QUAIL

Coturnix coturnix

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

PHEASANT

Phasianus colchicus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

RED-THROATED DIVER

Gavia stellata

A fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring, scarce inland.

BLACK-THROATED DIVER

Gavia arctica

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

GREAT NORTHERN DIVER

Gavia immer

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; scarce inland.

WHITE-BILLED DIVER

Gavia adamsii

Vagrant.

WILSON'S PETREL

Oceanites oceanicus

Vagrant.

STORM PETREL

Hydrobates pelagicus

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant

LEACH'S PETREL

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn

FULMAR

Fulmarus glacialis

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

FEA’S/ZINO’S PETREL

Pterodroma spp.

Vagrant.

CORY'S SHEARWATER

Calonectris borealis

A rare passage migrant.

SOOTY SHEARWATER

Ardenna grisea

A rare passage migrant.

GREAT SHEARWATER

Ardenna gravis

Vagrant.

MANX SHEARWATER

Puffinus puffinus

A fairly common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

BALEARIC SHEARWATER

Puffinus mauretanicus

A rare passage migrant.

LITTLE GREBE

Tachybaptus ruficollis

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

RED-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps grisegena

A rare winter visitor.

GREAT CRESTED GREBE

Podiceps cristatus

A fairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

SLAVONIAN GREBE

Podiceps auritus

An uncommon winter visitor.

BLACK-NECKED GREBE

Podiceps nigricollis

A scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; occasional breeder.

BLACK STORK

Ciconia nigra

Vagrant.

WHITE STORK

Ciconia ciconia

A rare passage migrant.

GLOSSY IBIS

Plegadis falcinellus

A rare passage migrant.

SPOONBILL

Platalea leucorodia

A scarce passage migrant.

BITTERN

Botaurus stellaris

A scarce passage migrant and winter visitor; former breeder.

LITTLE BITTERN

Ixobrychus minutus

Vagrant.

NIGHT HERON

Nycticorax nycticorax

Vagrant.

SQUACCO HERON

Ardeola ralloides

Vagrant.

CATTLE EGRET

Bubulcus ibis

Rare.

GREY HERON

Ardea cinerea

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

PURPLE HERON

Ardea purpurea

Vagrant.

GREAT WHITE EGRET

Ardea alba

An uncommon passage migrant.

LITTLE EGRET

Egretta garzetta

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

GANNET

Morus bassanus

A common offshore summer visitor and passage migrant.

SHAG

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

An uncommon non-breeding visitor.

CORMORANT

Phalacrocorax carbo

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

OSPREY

Pandion haliaetus

A scarce summer visitor and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

HONEY-BUZZARD

Pernis apivorus

A rare summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

SPOTTED EAGLE

Aquila clanga

Vagrant.

GOLDEN EAGLE

Aquila chrysaetos

A rare resident; occasional breeder.

SPARROWHAWK

Accipter nisus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

GOSHAWK

Accipter gentilis

An uncommon resident; breeds in very small numbers.

MARSH HARRIER

Circus aeruginosus

An uncommon passage migrant, former breeder.

HEN HARRIER

Circus cyaneus

A scarce resident, uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

MONTAGU'S HARRIER

Circus pygargus

Vagrant.

RED KITE

Milvus milvus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant; reintroduced former breeder.

BLACK KITE

Milvus migrans

Vagrant.

WHITE-TAILED EAGLE

Haliaeetus albicilla

Vagrant; former resident breeder.

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD

Buteo lagopus

A rare winter visitor.

BUZZARD

Buteo buteo

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

GREAT BUSTARD

Otis tarda

Vagrant.

WATER RAIL

Rallus aquaticus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

CORNCRAKE

Crex crex

Vagrant.

LITTLE CRAKE

Porzana parva

Vagrant.

BAILLON'S CRAKE

Porzana pusilla

Vagrant.

SPOTTED CRAKE

Porzana porzana

Vagrant.

MOORHEN

Gallinula chloropus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

COOT

Fulica atra

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

AMERICAN COOT

Fulica americana

Vagrant.

CRANE

Grus grus

A rare passage migrant.

STONE-CURLEW

Burhinus oedicnemus

Vagrant.

OYSTERCATCHER

Haematopus ostralegus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

BLACK-WINGED STILT

Himantopus  himantopus

Vagrant.

AVOCET

Recurvirostra avosetta

A scarce passage migrant; has bred.

LAPWING

Vanellus vanellus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis apricaria

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

PACIFIC GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis fulva

Vagrant.

AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER

Pluvialis dominica

Rare visitor.

GREY PLOVER

Pluvialis squatarola

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius hiaticula

A fairly common resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER

Charadrius dubius

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

KENTISH PLOVER

Charadrius alexandrinus

Vagrant.

GREATER SAND PLOVER

Charadrius leschenaultii

Vagrant.

DOTTEREL

Charadrius morinellus

A fairly common passage migrant in spring, scarce in autumn; occasional breeder.

WHIMBREL

Numenius phaeopus

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

CURLEW

Numenius arquata

A common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

BAR-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa lapponica

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

BLACK-TAILED GODWIT

Limosa limosa

A fairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; occasional breeder.

TURNSTONE

Arenaria interpres

A common winter visitor and passage migrant.

KNOT

Calidris canutus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

RUFF

Calidris pugnax

A fairly common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor.

BROAD-BILLED SANDPIPER

Calidris falcinellus

Vagrant.

STILT SANDPIPER

Calidris himantopus

Vagrant

CURLEW SANDPIPER

Calidris ferruginea

An uncommon passage migrant, most numerous in autumn.

TEMMINCK'S STINT

Calidris temminckii

Vagrant.

SANDERLING

Calidris alba

A common winter visitor and passage migrant, most numerous in spring.

DUNLIN

Calidris alpina

An uncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very small numbers.

PURPLE SANDPIPER

Calidris maritima

A fairly common winter visitor, almost exclusively confined to the western coastline of the county.

BAIRD'S SANDPIPER

Calidris bairdii

Vagrant.

LITTLE STINT

Calidris minuta

An uncommon passage migrant, occurs mainly in autumn.

WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER

Calidris fuscicollis

Rare visitor.

BUFF-BREASTED SANDPIPER

Calidris subruficollis

Vagrant.

PECTORAL SANDPIPER

Calidris melanotos

A rare passage migrant.

SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPER

Calidris pusilla

Vagrant.

LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Rare visitor.

WOODCOCK

Scolopax rusticola

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

JACK SNIPE

Lymnocryptes minimus

An uncommon winter visitor and passage migrant.

GREAT SNIPE

Gallinago media

Vagrant.

SNIPE

Gallinago gallinago

A common but declining resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

TEREK SANDPIPER

Xenus cinereus

Vagrant.

WILSON'S PHALAROPE

Phalaropus tricolor

Vagrant.

RED-NECKED PHALAROPE

Phalaropus lobatus

Vagrant.

GREY PHALAROPE

Phalaropus fulicarius

A scarce autumn passage migrant and storm blown winter visitor.

COMMON SANDPIPER

Actitis hypoleucos

A common summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

SPOTTED SANDPIPER

Actitis macularius

Vagrant.

GREEN SANDPIPER

Tringa ochropus

An uncommon passage migrant and overwintering bird, former breeder.

LESSER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa flavipes

Vagrant.

REDSHANK

Tringa totanus

A fairly common resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

WOOD SANDPIPER

Tringa glareola

A scarce passage migrant.

SPOTTED REDSHANK

Tringa erythropus

An uncommon passage migrant and scarce overwintering bird.

GREENSHANK

Tringa nebularia

A fairly common passage migrant, most numerous in autumn, and uncommon overwintering bird.

GREATER YELLOWLEGS

Tringa melanoleuca

Vagrant.

CREAM-COLOURED COURSER

Cursorius cursor

Vagrant.

COLLARED PRATINCOLE

Glareola pratincola

Vagrant.

BLACK-WINGED PRATINCOLE

Glareola nordmanni

Vagrant.

KITTIWAKE

Rissa tridactyla

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

IVORY GULL

Pagophila eburnea

Vagrant.

SABINE'S GULL

Xema sabini

A rare passage migrant.

BLACK-HEADED GULL

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

LITTLE GULL

Hydrocoloeus minutus

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor, most numerous in spring.

ROSS'S GULL

Rhodostethia rosea

Vagrant.

LAUGHING GULL

Larus atricilla

Vagrant.

MEDITERRANEAN GULL

Ichthyaetus melanocephalus

A fairly common passage migrant and scarce winter visitor; occasional breeder.

COMMON GULL

Larus canus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant, occasional breeder.

RING-BILLED GULL

Larus delawarensis

Vagrant.

GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus marinus

A fairly common resident and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

GLAUCOUS GULL

Larus hyperboreus

An scarce winter visitor and passage migrant, has summered.

ICELAND GULL

Larus glaucoides

A scarce spring passage migrant and winter visitor.

HERRING GULL

Larus argentatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL

Larus michahellis

A rare autumn passage migrant and winter visitor.

LESSER BLACK-BACKED GULL

Larus fuscus

An abundant summer visitor, common passage migrant and overwintering bird; breeds in very large numbers.

CASPIAN TERN

Hydroprogne caspia

Vagrant.

SANDWICH TERN

Thalasseus sandvicensis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

LITTLE TERN

Sternula albifrons

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

BRIDLED TERN

Onychoprion anaethetus

Vagrant.

SOOTY TERN

Onychoprion fuscata

Vagrant.

ROSEATE TERN

Sterna dougallii

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

COMMON TERN

Sterna hirundo

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

ARCTIC TERN

Sterna paradisaea

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

WHISKERED TERN

Chlidonias hybrida

Vagrant.

WHITE-WINGEDBLACK TERN BLACK

Chlidonias leucopterus

Vagrant.

BLACK TERN

Chlidonias niger

An uncommon passage migrant; former breeder.

GREAT SKUA

Stercorarius skua

An uncommon passage migrant, rare in winter.

POMARINE SKUA

Stercorarius pomarinus

A fairly common spring migrant to the Solway, scarce elsewhere and on autumn passage, rare in winter.

ARCTIC SKUA

Stercorarius parasiticus

A fairly common passage migrant, scarce in winter.

LONG-TAILED SKUA

Stercorarius longicaudus

An uncommon passage migrant.

LITTLE AUK

Alle alle

A rare winter visitor, usually storm-driven.

GUILLEMOT

Uria aalge

An abundant summer visitor, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

RAZORBILL

Alca torda

A fairly common summer visitor, common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

BLACK GUILLEMOT

Cepphus grylle

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

PUFFIN

Fratercula arctica

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

PALLAS'S SANDGROUSE

Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Vagrant.

ROCK DOVE/FERAL PIGEON

Columba livia

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

STOCK DOVE

Columba oenas

A common resident and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

WOODPIGEON

Columba palumbas

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

TURTLE DOVE

Streptopelia turtur

Vagrant ; former breeder.

COLLARED DOVE

Streptopelia decaocto

An abundant resident and uncommon passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

CUCKOO (Common

Cuculus canorus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BARN OWL

Tyto alba

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

SCOPS OWL

Otus scops

Vagrant.

SNOWY OWL

Bubo scandiacus

Vagrant.

TAWNY OWL

Strix aluco

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

LITTLE OWL

Athene noctua

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TENGMALM'S OWL

Aegolius funereus

Vagrant.

LONG-EARED OWL

Asio otus

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

SHORT-EARED OWL

Asio flammeus

An uncommon resident, fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

NIGHTJAR

Caprimulgus europaeus

A scarce summer visitor; breeds in very small numbers.

ALPINE SWIFT

Tachymarptis melba

Vagrant.

SWIFT

Apus apus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ROLLER

Coracias garrulus

Vagrant.

KINGFISHER

Alcedo atthis

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

BEE-EATER

Merops apiaster

A rare passage migrant; has bred.

HOOPOE

Upupa epops

A rare passage migrant, has overwintered.

WRYNECK

Jynx torquilla

Vagrant ; former breeder.

LESSER SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dryobates minor

A rare resident; breeds in very small numbers.

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER

Dendrocopus major

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

GREEN WOODPECKER

Picus viridis

A fairly common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

KESTREL

Falco tinnunculus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

RED-FOOTED FALCON

Falco vespertinus

Vagrant.

MERLIN

Falco columbarius

An uncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

HOBBY

Falco subbuteo

An uncommon passage migrant.

GYR FALCON

Falco rusticolus

Vagrant.

PEREGRINE

Falco peregrinus

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

RING-NECKED PARAKEET

Psittacula krameri

Scarce resident, escape.

RED-BACKED SHRIKE

Lanius collurio

Vagrant; former breeder.

GREAT GREY SHRIKE

Lanius excubitor

A scarce winter visitor.

STEPPE GREY SHRIKE

Lanius pallidirostris

Vagrant.

WOODCHAT SHRIKE

Lanius senator

Vagrant.

RED-EYED VIREO

Vireo olivaceus

Vagrant.

GOLDEN ORIOLE

Oriolus oriolus

A rare passage migrant; former breeder.

JAY

Garrulus glandarius

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

MAGPIE

Pica pica

A locally abundant resident; breeds in large numbers, particularly in the south of the county.

NUTCRACKER

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Vagrant.

CHOUGH

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Vagrant; former breeder.

JACKDAW

Coloeus monedula

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

ROOK

Corvus frugilegus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

CARRION CROW

Corvus corone

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

HOODED CROW

Corvus cornix

A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

RAVEN

Corvus corax

A fairly common resident; breeds in small numbers.

WAXWING

Bombycilla garrulus

An irruptive winter visitor.

COAL TIT

Periparus ater

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers

CRESTED TIT

Lophophanes cristatus

Vagrant.

MARSH TIT

Poecile palustris

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

WILLOW TIT

Poecile montanus

An uncommon resident, mainly in the north of the county; breeds in small numbers.

BLUE TIT

Cyanistes caeruleus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

GREAT TIT

Parus major

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

BEARDED TIT

Panurus biarmicus

Vagrant.

WOODLARK

Lullula arborea

Vagrant; former breeder.

SKYLARK

Alauda arvensis

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers

SHORE LARK

Eremophila alpestris

Vagrant.

SAND MARTIN

Riparia riparia

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

SWALLOW (Barn

Hirundo rustica

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

HOUSE MARTIN

Delichon urbicum

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RED-RUMPED SWALLOW

Cecropis daurica

Vagrant.

CETTI’S WARBLER

Cettia cetti

Vagrant.

LONG-TAILED TIT

Aegithalos caudatus

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

WILLOW WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochilus

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

CHIFFCHAFF

Phylloscopus collybita

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus bonelli

Vagrant.

WOOD WARBLER

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

A common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

DUSKY WARBLER

Phylloscopus fuscatus

Vagrant.

PALLAS'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus proregulus

Vagrant.

YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER

Phylloscopus inornatus

A scarce autumn passage migrant, has overwintered.

HUME'S WARBLER

Phylloscopus humei

Vagrant.

GREENISH WARBLER

Phylloscopus trochiloides

Vagrant.

SEDGE WARBLER

Acrocephalus schoenabaenus

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

PADDYFIELD WARBLER

Acrocephalus agricola

Vagrant.

BLYTH’S REED WARBLER

Acrocephalus dumetorum

Vagrant.

REED WARBLER

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

An uncommon summer visitor; breeds in small numbers.

MARSH WARBLER

Acrocephalus palustris

Vagrant.

BOOTED WARBLER

Iduna caligata

Vagrant.

MELODIOUS WARBLER

Hippolais polyglotta

Vagrant.

ICTERINE WARBLER

Hippolais icterina

Vagrant.

GRASSHOPPER WARBLER

Locustella naevia

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACKCAP

Sylvia atricapilla

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant, uncommon overwintering bird; breeds in large numbers.

GARDEN WARBLER

Sylvia borin

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

BARRED WARBLER

Sylvia nisoria

Vagrant.

LESSER WHITETHROAT

Sylvia curruca

A fairly common summer visitor; breeds in moderate numbers.

WHITETHROAT

Sylvia communis

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

DARTFORD WARBLER

Sylvia undata

Vagrant.

SUBALPINE WARBLER

Sylvia cantillans

Vagrant.

FIRECREST

Regulus ignicapilla

A scarce passage migrant.

GOLDCREST

Regulus regulus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

WREN

Troglodytes troglodytes

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

NUTHATCH

Sitta europaea

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

TREECREEPER

Certhia familiaris

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

ROSE-COLOURED STARLING

Pastor roseus

A rare passage migrant.

STARLING

Sturnus vulgaris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

RING OUZEL

Turdus torquatus

A fairly common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

BLACKBIRD

Turdus merula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

FIELDFARE

Turdus pilaris

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

REDWING

Turdus iliacus

An abundant winter visitor and passage migrant.

SONG THRUSH

Turdus philomelos

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

MISTLE THRUSH

Turdus viscivorus

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER

Muscicapa striata

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ROBIN

Erithacus rubecula

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

BLUETHROAT

Luscinia svecica

Rare migrant.

NIGHTINGALE

Luscinia megarhynchos

Vagrant.

PIED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula hypoleuca

A common summer visitor; breeds in large numbers.

COLLARED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula albicollis

Vagrant.

RED-BREASTED FLYCATCHER

Ficedula parva

Vagrant.

BLACK REDSTART

Phoenicurus ochruros

An uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor.

REDSTART

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

WHINCHAT

Saxicola rubetra

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

STONECHAT

Saxicola rubicola

A fairly common resident and passage migrant; breeds in moderate numbers.

WHEATEAR

Oenanthe oenanthe

An abundant summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers

ISABELLINE WHEATEAR

Oenanthe isabellina

Vagrant.

DESERT WHEATEAR

Oenanthe deserti

Vagrant.

DIPPER

Cinclus cinclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

HOUSE SPARROW

Passer domesticus

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SPANISH SPARROW

Passer hispaniolensis

Vagrant.

TREE SPARROW

Passer montanus

A common resident; breeds in large numbers.

DUNNOCK

Prunella modularis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

YELLOW WAGTAIL

Motacilla flava

An uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

CITRINE WAGTAIL

Motacilla citreola

Vagrant.

GREY WAGTAIL

Motacilla cinerea

A common resident and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

PIED WAGTAIL

Motacilla alba

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

RICHARD'S PIPIT

Anthus richardi

Vagrant.

TAWNY PIPIT

Anthus campestris

Vagrant.

MEADOW PIPIT

Anthus pratensis

An abundant resident and passage migrant; breeds in very large numbers.

TREE PIPIT

Anthus trivialis

A common summer visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

WATER PIPIT

Anthus spinoletta

A rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

ROCK PIPIT

Anthus petrosus

An uncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

CHAFFINCH

Fringilla coelebs

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

BRAMBLING

Fringilla montifringilla

A common winter visitor and passage migrant; occasional breeder.

HAWFINCH

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

An uncommon resident; breeds in small numbers.

BULLFINCH

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

COMMON ROSEFINCH

Carpodacus erythrinus

Vagrant; has bred.

GREENFINCH

Chloris chloris

An abundant resident and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

TWITE

Carduelis flavirostris

An uncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in small numbers.

LINNET

Carduelis cannabina

An abundant resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in very large numbers.

MEALY REDPOLL

Acanthis flammea

Vagrant.

LESSER REDPOLL

Acanthis cabaret

A common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant; breeds in large numbers.

ARCTIC REDPOLL

Acanthis hornemanni

Vagrant.

PARROT CROSSBILL

Loxia pytyopsittacus

Vagrant.

COMMON CROSSBILL

Loxia curvirostra

An uncommon resident, irruptive passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in small numbers.

TWO-BARRED CROSSBILL

Loxia leucoptera

Vagrant.

GOLDFINCH

Carduelis carduelis

An abundant resident; breeds in very large numbers.

SERIN

Serinus serinus

Vagrant.

SISKIN

Spinus spinus

A common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor; breeds in large numbers.

CORN BUNTING

Emberiza calandra

Vagrant. Extinct (technically scarce).

YELLOWHAMMER

Emberiza citrinella

An abundant resident; breeds in large numbers.

ORTOLAN BUNTING

Emberiza hortulana

Rare migrant.

CIRL BUNTING

Emberiza cirlus

Vagrant; former breeder.

LITTLE BUNTING

Emberiza pusilla

Vagrant.

RUSTIC BUNTING

Emberiza rustica

Vagrant.

REED BUNTING

Emberiza schoeniclus

A common resident; breeds in moderate numbers.

WHITE-THROATED SPARROW

Zonotrichia albicollis

Vagrant.

LAPLAND BUNTING

Calcarius lapponicus

A rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

SNOW BUNTING

Plectrophenax nivalis

A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor.

STATUS CATEGORIES

Vagrant : up to 2 records in the last 10 years

Rare : 3-10 records in the last 10 years

Scarce : averaging up to 5 records per annum in the last 10 years

Uncommon : averaging up to 6-50 records per annum in the last 10 years

Fairly common : averaging up to 51-500 records per annum in the last 10 years

Common : averaging up to 501-5,000 records per annum in the last 10 years

Abundant : averaging over 5,000 records per annum in the last 10 years

BREEDING CATEGORIES

Former breeder : not in the last 20 years

Occasional breeder : at least once in the last 20 years

Breeds in very small numbers : 1-25 pairs per annum

Breeds in small numbers : 26-250 pairs per annum

Breeds in moderate numbers : 251-2,500 pairs per annum

Breeds in large numbers : 2,501-25,000 pairs per annum

Breeds in very large numbers : over 25,000 pairs per annum