Cumbria Bird List

This page contains a complete bird species list for Cumbria in May 2022 with Long-toed Stint added in July 2022.

The following list is also available as a Cumbria Bird List spreadsheet (without Long-toed Stint).

See below for the recording and breeding category definitions.

Brent GooseBranta bernicla
   ‒ ‒ nigricans RRare winter visitor
  ‒ ‒  bernicla FFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
  ‒ ‒  hrota FFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVVagrant
Canada GooseBranta canadensis  
  ‒ ‒  interior/parvipes RRare winter visitor
  ‒ ‒  canadensis CCommon resident and summer visitor primarily to moult. Breeds in small numbers
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisAAbundant winter visitor
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiVVagrant
Greylag GooseAnser anserCCommon resident, winter visitor and summer visitor primarily to moult. Breeds in moderate numbers
Taiga Bean GooseAnser fabilisVVagrant
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusAAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant
Tundra Bean GooseAnser serrirostrisRRare winter visitor and passage migrant
White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsUUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant
      ‒ ‒ flavirostris  
  ‒ ‒ albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVVagrant
Mute SwanCygnus olorFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
Bewick’s SwanCygnus columbianusRRare winter visitor and passage migrant
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusFFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
ShelduckTadorna tadornaCCommon resident, abundant summer visitor and winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Mandarin DuckAix galericulataUUncommon introduced resident and escape. Breeds in very small numbers
GarganeySpatula querquedulaUUncommon passage migrant
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsVVagrant
ShovelerSpatula clypeataUUncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor. Breeds in very small numbers
GadwallMareca streperaFFairly common resident passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in very small numbers
WigeonMareca penelopeUUncommon resident, abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
American WigeonMareca americanaRRare visitor
MallardAnas platyrhynchosAAbundant resident and winter visitor, some introduced. Breeds in large numbers
PintailAnas acutaCCommon winter visitor and passage migrantOccasional breeder
TealAnas creccaCFairly common resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Green-winged TealAnas carolinensisVVagrant
PochardAythya ferinaUUncommon resident, common passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in very small numbers
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaVVagrant
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRRare visitor
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaCCommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
ScaupAythya marilaFFairly common winter visitor and occasional in summer
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisVVagrant
King EiderSomateria spectabilisVVagrant
EiderSomateria mollissimaCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataVVagrant
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fuscaSScarce winter visitor and passage migrant
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraFFairly common passage migrant, uncommon in winter
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisUUncommon winter visitor
GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaCCommon winter visitor and passage migrant, occasional in summer
SmewMergellus albellusSScarce winter visitor
GoosanderMergus merganserCCommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorFFairly common resident and common winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRRare resident Former breeder
Red GrouseLagopus lagopusCCommon resident. Breeds in large numbers
Black GrouseLyrurus tetrixFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
Grey PartridgePerdix perdixFFairly common resident, some introduced. Breeds in moderate numbers
PheasantPhasianus colchicusAAbundant resident, large numbers introduced. Breeds in large numbers
QuailCoturnix coturnixFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds occasionally
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaCCommon resident, many introduced. Breeds in small numbers
NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melbaVVagrant
SwiftApus apusCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Great BustardOtis tardaVVagrant
CuckooCuculus canorusCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Pallas’s SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusVVagrant
Rock Dove & Feral PigeonColumba liviaCCommon resident, some introduced. Breeds in large numbers
Stock DoveColumba oenasCCommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in large numbers
WoodpigeonColumba palumbusAAbundant resident and winter visitor. Breeds in very large numbers
Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturRRare passage migrant
Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
Water RailRallus aquaticusUUncommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
CorncrakeCrex crexRRare passage migrant Former breeder
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaVVagrant
MoorhenGallinula chloropusAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
CootFulica atraCCommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
American CootFulica americanaVVagrant
Baillon’s CrakeZapornia pusillaVVagrant
Little CrakeZapornia parvaVVagrant
CraneGrus grusRRare
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisFFairly common resident and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsVVagrant
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaSScarce winter visitor
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusFFairly common resident and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusSScarce winter visitor
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRRare winter visitor
Stone-curlewBurhinus oedicnemusVVagrant
OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusAAbundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Black-winged StiltHimantopus HimantopusVVagrant
AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaUUncommon summer visitor. Breeds in very small numbers
LapwingVanellus VanellusAAbundant resident, summer visitor, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Golden PloverPluvialis apricariaF/AFairly common resident and abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaVVagrant
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaVVagrant
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaFFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaFFairly common resident, common winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
  ‒ ‒ psammodromusPassage migrant
  ‒ ‒ hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinesVVagrant
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiaVVagrant
DotterelCharadrius morinellusUUncommon passage migrant and rare summer visitor. Breeds occasionally
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusFFairly common passage migrant
Hudsonian WhimbrelNumenius hudsonicusVVagrant
CurlewNumenius arquataC/ACommon resident, summer visitor and abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaFFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaFFairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor Former breeder
  ‒ ‒ islandicaPassage migrant 
  ‒ ‒ limosa
TurnstoneArenaria interpresCCommon winter visitor and passage migrant, fairly common in summer
KnotCalidris canutusAAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant, uncommon in summer
RuffCalidris pugnaxU/SUncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusVVagrant
Stilt SandpiperCalidris HimantopusVVagrant
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaUUncommon passage migrant
Temminck’s StintCalidris temminckiiVVagrant
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaVVagrant
SanderlingCalidris albaCCommon winter visitor and passage migrant
DunlinCalidris alpinaU/AUncommon resident and abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
  ‒ ‒ schinzii
  ‒ ‒ alpina  
  ‒ ‒ artica
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaFFairly common winter visitor
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdiiVVagrant
Little StintCalidris minutaUUncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisVVagrant
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRRare visitor
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosSScarce passage migrant
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaVVagrant
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRRare visitor
WoodcockScolopax rusticolaCCommon resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusUUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant
Great SnipeGallinago mediaVVagrant
SnipeGallinago gallinagoC/ACommon resident and abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusVVagrant
Wilson’s PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorVVagrant
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRRare passage migrant
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRRare passage migrant
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce in winter. Breeds in moderate numbers
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusVVagrant
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusUUncommon passage migrant and winter visitor
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesVVagrant
RedshankTringa totanusF/AFairly common resident, summer visitor and abundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
  ‒ ‒ totanus
  ‒ ‒ robusta  
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaSScarce passage migrant
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusUUncommon passage migrant, scarce in winter
GreenshankTringa nebulariaFFairly common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaVVagrant
Cream-coloured CourserCursorius cursorVVagrant
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniVVagrant
KittiwakeRissa tridactylaCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Ivory GullPagophila eburneanVVagrant
Sabine’s GullXema sabiniRRare passage migrant
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusAAbundant resident, summer visitor, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusUUncommon winter visitor passage migrant
Ross’s GullRhodostethia roseaVVagrant
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaVVagrant
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalusFFairly common passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds occasionally
Common GullLarus canusAAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisVVagrant
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusFFairly common resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusSScarce winter visitor
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesSScarce winter visitor and passage migrant
Herring GullLarus argentatusAAbundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
  ‒ ‒ argenteus
  ‒ ‒ argentatus  
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansVVagrant
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRRare passage migrant and winter visitor
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant and overwintering bird. Breeds in large numbers
  ‒ ‒ graellsii  
  ‒ ‒ intermediusPassage migrant
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaVVagrant
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
Little TernSternula albifronsFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusVVagrant
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusVVagrant
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRRare passage migrant Former breeder
Common TernSterna hirundoFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaVVagrant
White-winged Black TernChlidonias leucopterusVVagrant
Black TernChlidonias nigerSScarce passage migrant
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaUUncommon passage migrant, scarce in winter
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusFFairly common passage migrant, rare in winter
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusFFairly common passage migrant, scarce in winter
Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusUUncommon passage migrant
Little AukAlle alleRRare winter visitor
Common GuillemotUria aalgeAAbundant summer visitor and fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in large numbers
     ‒ ‒ aalge
  ‒ ‒ albionis  
RazorbillAlca tordaFFairly common summer visitor, common passage migrant and uncommon winter visitor
Black GuillemotCepphus grylleUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce in winter. Breeds in very small numbers
PuffinFratercula arcticaUFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce in winter. Breeds in very small numbers
Red-throated DiverGavia stellataFFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
Black-throated DiverGavia arcticaSScarce winter visitor and passage migrant
Great Northern DiverGavia immerUUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant
White-billed DiverGavia adamsiiVVagrant
Wilson’s PetrelOceanites oceanicusVVagrant
Storm PetrelHydrobates pelagicusUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant
Leach’s PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaSScarce passage migrant
FulmarFulmarus glacialisFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Cory’s ShearwaterCalonectris borealisVVagrant
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaVVagrant
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravisVVagrant
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusCCommon offshore summer visitor and passage migrant
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusVVagrant
Black StorkCiconia nigraVVagrant
White StorkCiconia CiconiaVVagrant
GannetMorus bassanusCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant
CormorantPhalacrocorax carboCCommon resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
  ‒ ‒ carbo
  ‒ ‒ sinensis  
ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisUUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRRare visitor
SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaSScarce passage migrant Bred in 2021
BitternBotaurus stellarisSScarce passage migrant and winter visitor
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusVVagrant
Night-heronNycticorax NycticoraxVVagrant
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesVVagrant
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibisRRare visitor
Grey HeronArdea cinereaFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
Purple HeronArdea purpureaVVagrant
Great White EgretArdea albaUUncommon passage migrant and winter visitor
Little EgretEgretta garzettaFFairly common resident, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
OspreyPandion haliaetusUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusSScarce summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRRare visitor Former breeder
SparrowhawkAccipiter nisusCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
GoshawkAccipiter gentilisUUncommon resident. Breeds in very small numbers
Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosusUUncommon passage migrant Former breeder, bred in 2017
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusUUncommon resident, winter visitor. Breeds in very small numbers
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusVVagrant
Montagu’s HarrierCircus pygargusVVagrant
Red KiteMilvus milvusUUncommon resident, re-introduced. Breeds in very small numbers
Black KiteMilvus migransVVagrant
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRRare visitor
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRRare winter passage migrant
BuzzardButeo buteoCCommon resident. Breeds in large numbers
Barn OwlTyto albaFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
Tengmalm’s OwlAegolius funereusVVagrant
Little OwlAthene noctuaUUncommon resident. Breeds in small numbers
Scops OwlOtus scopsVVagrant
Long-eared OwlAsio otusUUncommon resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusUUncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in small numbers
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVVagrant
Tawny OwlStrix alucoCCommon resident. Breeds in large numbers
HoopoeUpupa epopsRRare visitor
RollerCoracias garrulusVVagrant
KingfisherAlcedo atthisUUncommon resident. Breeds in small numbers
Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRRare passage migrant Bred in 2015
WryneckJynx torquillaRRare visitor
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minorRRare visitor Former breeder
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos majorCCommon resident. Breeds in large numbers
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisFFairly common resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
KestrelFalco tinnunculusCCommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusVVagrant
MerlinFalco columbariusUUncommon resident, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
HobbyFalco subbuteoUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant
Gyr FalconFalco rusticolusVVagrant
PeregrineFalco peregrinusFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioVVagrant
Daurian ShrikeLanius isabellinusVVagrant
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor
  ‒ ‒ excubitorSScarce winter visitor
  ‒ ‒ pallidirostrisVVagrant
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorVVagrant
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusVVagrant
Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRRare passage migrant
JayGarrulus glandariusCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
MagpiePica picaAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesVVagrant
ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxRRare visitor
JackdawColoeus monedulaAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
RookCorvus frugilegusAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixUUncommon winter visitor and passage migrant
RavenCorvus coraxFFairly common resident. Breeds in small numbers
WaxwingBombycilla garrulusIIrruptive winter visitor
Coal TitPeriparus aterAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
Marsh TitPoecile palustrisFFairly common resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
Willow TitPoecile montanusUUncommon resident. Breeds in very small numbers
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleusAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
Great TitParus majorAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
Bearded TitPanurus biarmicusVVagrant
WoodlarkLullula arboreaVVagrant
SkylarkAlauda arvensisAAbundant resident, summer visitor, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Shore LarkEremophila alpestrisVVagrant
Sand MartinRiparia ripariaCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
SwallowHirundo rusticaAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
House MartinDelichon urbicumAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaVVagrant
Cetti’s WarblerCettia cettiSScarce visitor
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatusAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
  ‒ ‒ rosaceus  
  ‒ ‒ caudatus
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixFFairly common summer visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Western Bonelli’s WarblerPhylloscopus bonelliVVagrant
Hume’s WarblerPhylloscopus humeiVVagrant
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusUUncommon autumn passage migrant, has wintered
Pallas’s WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusVVagrant
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusVVagrant
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
  ‒ ‒ collybitaAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant, scarce in winter. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ tristisVVagrant
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesVVagrant
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus AgricolaVVagrant
Blyth’s Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumVVagrant
Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusUUncommon summer visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisVVagrant
Booted WarblerIduna caligataVVagrant
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaVVagrant
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaVVagrant
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
BlackcapSylvia atricapillaAAbundant summer visitor, passage migrant and scarce winter visitor. Breeds in large numbers
Garden WarblerSylvia borinAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoriaVVagrant
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca currucaFFairly common summer visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillansVVagrant
WhitethroatCurruca communisAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Dartford WarblerCurruca undataVVagrant
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaSScarce winter visitor and passage migrant
GoldcrestRegulus regulusAAbundant resident and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
WrenTroglodytes troglodytesAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
NuthatchSitta europaeaCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
TreecreeperCerthia familiarisCCommon resident. Breeds in large numbers
Rose-coloured StarlingPastor roseusRRare passage migrant
StarlingSturnus vulgarisAAbundant resident, summer visitor and winter visitor. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ vulgaris  
  ‒ ‒ zetlandicus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosAAbundant resident, summer visitor, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ clarkei
  ‒ ‒ philomelos  
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusAAbundant resident, summer visitor, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
RedwingTurdus iliacusAAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant
BlackbirdTurdus merulaAAbundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
FieldfareTurdus pilarisAAbundant winter visitor and passage migrant
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusFFairly comon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate mumbers
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
RobinErithacus rubeculaAAbundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRRare passage migrant
NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosVVagrant
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaVVagrant
Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaCCommon summer visitor. Breeds in large numbers
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisVVagrant
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosUUncommon passage migrant and scarce winter visitor
RedstartPhoenicurus PhoenicurusCCommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraFFairly common summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
StonechatSaxicola rubicolaFFairly common resident, summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in moderate numbers
WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
  ‒ ‒ oenantheAAbundant summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ leucorhoaSscarce passage migrant
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellineVVagrant
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiVVagrant
DipperCinclus cinclusCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
Tree SparrowPasser montanusCCommon resident and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensisVVagrant
House SparrowPasser domesticusAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
DunnockPrunella modularisAAbundant resident. Breeds in very large numbers
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
  ‒ ‒ flavissimaUUncommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
  ‒ ‒ flavaRRare visitor
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaVVagrant
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereaCCommon resident, summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in large numbers
Pied WagtailMotacilla alba
  ‒ ‒ yarrelliiAAbundant resident, summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ albaFFairly common passage migrant
Richard’s PipitAnthus richardiVVagrant
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisVVagrant
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisAAbundant resident, summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisCCommon summer visitor Breeds in large numbers
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRRare winter visitor and passage migrant
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
  ‒ ‒ petrosusUUncommon resident and fairly common winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
  ‒ ‒ littoralisVVagrant
ChaffinchFringilla coelebsAAbundant resident, winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very large numbers
  ‒ ‒ gengleri  
  ‒ ‒ coelebs  
BramblingFringilla montfringillaCCommon winter visitor and passage migrant
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesUUncommon resident and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaCCommon resident and uncommon winter visitor. Breeds in moderate numbers
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinaVVagrant
GreenfinchChloris chlorisAAbundant resident, summer visitor, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in very large numbers
TwiteLinaria flavirostrisUUncommon resident, fairly common winter visitor and passage migrant. Breeds in very small numbers
LinnetLinaria cannabinaAAbundant resident, summer visitor, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in very large numbers
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaVVagrant
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretCAbundant resident, summer visitor, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in large numbers
Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanniVVagrant
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacusVVagrant
CrossbillLoxia curvirostraUUncommon resident, irruptive passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in small numbers
Two-barred CrossbillLoxia leucopteraVVagrant
GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisAAbundant resident and summer visitor. Breeds in very large numbers
SerinSerinus serinusVVagrant
SiskinSpinus spinusCCommon resident, summer visitor, passage migrant and winter visitor. Breeds in large numbers
Lapland BuntingCalcarius lapponicusRRare winter visitor and passage migrant
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisFFairly common winter visitor and passage migrant
  ‒ ‒ nivalis  
  ‒ ‒ insulae  
Corn BuntingMiliaria calandraRRare visitor Former widespread breeder
YellowhammerEmberiza citronellaAAbundant resident. Breeds in large numbers
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaVVagrant
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusVVagrant
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaVVagrant
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaVVagrant
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusCCommon resident. Breeds in moderate numbers
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisVVagrant

Record Recording Categories 2021

The Record Recording Categories are derived from the numbers of records of each species in the decade 2011 – 2020 using the usual 10-year rolling assessment. It is important to note that these definitions do not represent an accurate measure of the abundance of species. It is our ambition to work towards determining meaningful assessments of the abundance of both species and breeding numbers for the county.

These are most meaningful for the Vagrant, Rare and Scarce categories and become progressively less meaningful through the Uncommon, Fairly Common, Common to Abundant categories. The data from which these numbers of records are calculated come largely from casual observations which do not use a standard method. These casual observations do frequently have a degree of focus however, for example records of the scarcer waders are usually the result of observers looking for them at likely locations at the appropriate time of year.

The primary purpose of creating these definitions is to determine which species currently occur with a sufficient degree of rarity that they require a description to be submitted and accepted before they become accepted records. It is the species that are Vagrant and Rare that require a description.

These definitions are calculated in this way using the number of records during the past decade –

  • V   Vagrant - Fewer than 2
  • R   Rare - 3 – 10, or at least 5 years without a record
  • S   Scarce - Averaging up to 5 per year
  • U   Uncommon - Averaging 6 – 50 per year
  • F   Fairly common - Averaging 50 – 500 per year
  • C   Common - Averaging 500 – 5, 000 per year
  • A   Abundant - Averaging over 5, 000 per year

In addition to the Vagrant and Rare species Regional Recorders may ask for descriptions of species other than those designated as Vagrant or Rare particularly where there is a single observer and no suitable photograph is available.

Breeding Categories

These are derived from the numbers of pairs given in The Breeding Birds of Cumbria 1997-2001, these numbers are then modified by applying BTO trends since that time –

  • Former breeder : not in the last 10 years
  • Occasional breeder : at least once in the last 10 years
  • Breeds in very small numbers : 1-25 pairs per annum
  • Breeds in small numbers : 25-250 pairs per annum
  • Breeds in moderate numbers : 250-2500 pairs per annum
  • Breeds in large numbers : 2500 – 25000 pairs per annum
  • Breeds in very large numbers : over 25000 pairs per annum